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objurgate

[ob-jer-geyt, uh b-jur-geyt]
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verb (used with object), ob·jur·gat·ed, ob·jur·gat·ing.
  1. to reproach or denounce vehemently; upbraid harshly; berate sharply.
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Origin of objurgate

1610–20; < Latin objūrgātus, past participle of objūrgāre to rebuke, equivalent to ob- ob- + jūrgāre, jurigāre to rebuke, equivalent to jūr- (stem of jūs) law + -ig-, combining form of agere to drive, do + -ātus -ate1
Related formsob·jur·ga·tion, nounob·jur·ga·tor, nounob·jur·ga·to·ri·ly [uh b-jur-guh-tawr-uh-lee, -tohr-] /əbˈdʒɜr gəˌtɔr ə li, -ˌtoʊr-/, ob·jur·ga·tive·ly, adverbob·jur·ga·to·ry, ob·jur·ga·tive, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for objurgation

Historical Examples

  • You think, perhaps, I shall pursue you with objurgation or entreaty.

    Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 58, Number 360, October 1845

    Various

  • He is fluent in oath and objurgation, cursing like an inmate of the pit.

    Recollections

    David Christie Murray

  • To fill the world and the street with lamentation, objurgation?

    Past and Present

    Thomas Carlyle

  • The emperor was not to be left behind in the race of objurgation.

  • He was the center of a fire of argument and objurgation he could not resist.

    Cox--The Man

    Roger W. Babson


British Dictionary definitions for objurgation

objurgate

verb
  1. (tr) to scold or reprimand
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Derived Formsobjurgation, nounobjurgator, nounobjurgatory (ɒbˈdʒɜːɡətərɪ, -trɪ) or objurgative, adjective

Word Origin

C17: from Latin objurgāre, from ob- against + jurgāre to scold
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for objurgation

n.

1540s, from Latin obiurgationem (nominative obiurgatio) "a chiding, reproving, reproof," noun of action from past participle stem of obiurgare (see objurgate).

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objurgate

v.

1610s, from Latin obiurgatus, past participle of obiurgare "to chide, rebuke," from ob- (see ob-) + iurgare "to quarrel, scold," from phrase iure agere "to deal in a lawsuit," from ablative of ius "right; law; suit" (see just (adj.)) + agere "to do, act, set in motion" (see act (n.)). Related: Objurgatory.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper