- the action of opposing, resisting, or combating.
- antagonism or hostility.
- a person or group of people opposing, criticizing, or protesting something, someone, or another group.
- (sometimes initial capital letter) the major political party opposed to the party in power and seeking to replace it.
- the act of placing opposite, or the state or position of being placed opposite.
- the act of opposing, or the state of being opposed by way of comparison or contrast.
- the relation between two propositions that have the same subject and predicate, but which differ in quantity or quality, or in both.
- the relation between two propositions in virtue of which the truth or falsity of one of them determines the truth or falsity of the other.
- Astronomy. the situation of two heavenly bodies when their longitudes or right ascensions differ by 180°: The moon is in opposition to the sun when the earth is directly between them.
- Astrology. the situation of two heavenly bodies or groups of heavenly bodies whose celestial longitudes differ by 180°, conducive to confrontation or revelation: an astrological aspect.
- Electricity. the condition that exists when two waves of the same frequency are out of phase by one-half of a period.
- the relationship between any two alternative units within a linguistic system, especially between minimally distinct phonemes.
- the feature that constitutes the difference between two such units.
Origin of opposition
- the act of opposing or the state of being opposed
- hostility, unfriendliness, or antagonism
- a person or group antagonistic or opposite in aims to another
- the oppositiona political party or group opposed to the ruling party or government
- (capital as part of a name, esp in Britain and other Commonwealth countries)Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition
- in opposition(of a political party) opposing the government
- a position facing or opposite another
- the act of placing something facing or opposite something else
- something that acts as an obstacle to some course or progress
- the position of an outer planet or the moon when it is in line or nearly in line with the earth as seen from the sun and is approximately at its nearest to the earth
- the position of two celestial bodies when they appear to be diametrically opposite each other on the celestial sphereCompare conjunction (def. 4)
- astrology an exact aspect of 180° between two planets, etc, an orb of 8° being allowedSee conjunction (def. 5), square (def. 10), trine (def. 1)
- the relation between propositions having the same subject and predicate but differing in quality, quantity, or both, as with all men are wicked; no men are wicked; some men are not wicked
- square of oppositiona diagram representing these relations with the contradictory propositions at diagonally opposite corners
- the opposition chess a relative position of the kings in the endgame such that the player who has the move is at a disadvantagehis opponent has the opposition
Word Origin and History for oppositionary
late 14c., an astrological term for the situation of two heavenly bodies exactly across from one another in the heavens, from Old French oposicion (12c.) or directly from Latin oppositionem (nominative oppositio) "act of opposing, a placing against," noun of action from past participle stem of opponere "set against" (see opponent). Meaning "that which is opposite something else" is from 1540s; meaning "contrast, antagonism" first attested 1580s; sense of "political party opposed to the one in power" is from 1704. Related: Oppositional.
- A characteristic movement of the primate thumb, in which the pad of the thumb can be placed in contact with the pads of the fingers of the same hand.
- The position of two celestial bodies when their celestial longitude differs by 180°, especially a configuration in which Earth lies on a straight line between the Sun and a superior planet or the Moon. Planets in this position rise as the Sun sets and are visible all night long, reaching their highest point in the sky at midnight; the Moon in this position is full. Compare conjunction. See more at elongation.