osmose

[oz-mohs, os-]
See more synonyms for osmose on Thesaurus.com
verb (used with object), os·mosed, os·mos·ing.
  1. to subject to osmosis.
noun
  1. osmosis.

Origin of osmose

First recorded in 1850–55; back formation from osmosis

osmosis

[oz-moh-sis, os-]
noun
  1. Physical Chemistry, Cell Biology.
    1. the tendency of a fluid, usually water, to pass through a semipermeable membrane into a solution where the solvent concentration is higher, thus equalizing the concentrations of materials on either side of the membrane.
    2. the diffusion of fluids through membranes or porous partitions.Compare endosmosis, exosmosis.
  2. a subtle or gradual absorption or mingling: He never studies but seems to learn by osmosis.

Origin of osmosis

1865–70; Latinized form of now obsolete osmose osmosis, extracted from endosmose endosmosis, exosmose exosmosis < French, equivalent to end- end-, ex- ex-2 + Greek ōsm(ós) push, thrust + French -ose -osis
Related formsos·mot·ic [oz-mot-ik, os-] /ɒzˈmɒt ɪk, ɒs-/, adjectiveos·mot·i·cal·ly, adverbnon·os·mot·ic, adjectivenon·os·mot·i·cal·ly, adverbun·os·mot·ic, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


British Dictionary definitions for osmoses

osmose

verb
  1. to undergo or cause to undergo osmosis
noun
  1. a former name for osmosis

Word Origin for osmose

C19 (n): abstracted from the earlier terms endosmose and exosmose; related to Greek ōsmos push

osmosis

noun
  1. the passage of a solvent through a semipermeable membrane from a less concentrated to a more concentrated solution until both solutions are of the same concentration
  2. diffusion through any membrane or porous barrier, as in dialysis
  3. gradual or unconscious assimilation or adoption, as of ideas
Derived Formsosmotic (ɒzˈmɒtɪk, ɒs-), adjectiveosmotically, adverb

Word Origin for osmosis

C19: Latinized form from osmose (n), from Greek ōsmos push, thrust
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for osmoses

osmosis

n.

1867, Latinized from osmose (1854), shortened from endosmosis (1830s), from endosmose "inward passage of a fluid through a porous septum" (1829), from French endo- "inward" + Greek osmos "a thrusting, a pushing," from stem of othein "to push, to thrust," from PIE *wedhe- "to push, strike" (cf. Sanskrit vadhati "pushes, strikes, destroys," Avestan vadaya- "to repulse"). Figurative sense is from 1900. Related: Osmotic (1854, from earlier endosmotic).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

osmoses in Medicine

osmose

[ŏzmōs′, ŏs-]
v.
  1. To diffuse or cause to diffuse by osmosis.

osmosis

[ŏz-mōsĭs, ŏs-]
n. pl. os•mo•ses (-sēz)
  1. Diffusion of fluid through a semipermeable membrane until there is an equal concentration of fluid on both sides of the membrane.
  2. The tendency of fluids to diffuse in such a manner.
Related formsos•motic (-mŏtĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

osmoses in Science

osmosis

[ŏz-mōsĭs]
  1. The movement of a solvent through a membrane separating two solutions of different concentrations. The solvent from the side of weaker concentration usually moves to the side of the stronger concentration, diluting it, until the concentrations of the solutions are equal on both sides of the membrane.♦ The pressure exerted by the molecules of the solvent on the membrane they pass through is called osmotic pressure. Osmotic pressure is the energy driving osmosis and is important for living organisms because it allows water and nutrients dissolved in water to pass through cell membranes.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

osmoses in Culture

osmosis

[(ahz-moh-sis, ahs-moh-sis)]

The seeping of a fluid through a seemingly solid barrier, such as a cell wall or a rubber sheet. When the concentration of the fluid is the same on both sides of the barrier, osmosis stops.

Note

Informally, “osmosis” is the process by which information or concepts come to a person without conscious effort: “Living in Paris, he learned French slang by osmosis.”
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.