- laborious or careful efforts; assiduous care: Great pains have been taken to repair the engine perfectly.
- the suffering of childbirth.
verb (used with object)
verb (used without object)
Origin of pain
Synonyms for pain
Antonyms for pain
Related Words for painingcramp, fever, burn, sickness, soreness, agony, irritation, wound, strain, discomfort, illness, torment, misery, twinge, ache, trouble, injury, tenderness, spasm, heartache
Examples from the Web for paining
Historical Examples of paining
Often he cursed himself as a wretch for paining that pure and noble heart.Malbone
Thomas Wentworth Higginson
She sought the reason of this departure which was paining her.A Spirit in Prison
Audrey, my child, at the risk of paining you, I must say one word.Lover or Friend
Rosa Nouchette Carey
His eyes shut tight suddenly, as if his wound was paining him.Shaman
His conscience, his legs, and his stomach, were all paining him at once.Bert Lloyd's Boyhood
J. McDonald Oxley
Word Origin for pain
late 13c., "punishment," especially for a crime; also "condition one feels when hurt, opposite of pleasure," from Old French peine "difficulty, woe, suffering, punishment, Hell's torments" (11c.), from Latin poena "punishment, penalty, retribution, indemnification" (in Late Latin also "torment, hardship, suffering"), from Greek poine "retribution, penalty, quit-money for spilled blood," from PIE *kwei- "to pay, atone, compensate" (see penal). The earliest sense in English survives in phrase on pain of death.
Phrase to give (someone) a pain "be annoying and irritating" is from 1908; localized as pain in the neck (1924) and pain in the ass (1934), though this last might have gone long unrecorded and be the original sense and the others euphemisms. Pains "great care taken (for some purpose)" is first recorded 1520s (in the singular in this sense, it is attested from c.1300). First record of pain-killer is from 1853.
c.1300, "to exert or strain oneself, strive; endeavor," from Old French pener (v.) "to hurt, cause pain," from peine, and from Middle English peine (n.); see pain (n.). Transitive meaning "cause pain; inflict pain" is from late 14c. That of "to cause sorrow, grief, or unhappiness" also is from late 14c. Related: Pained; paining.
In addition to the idioms beginning with pain
- pain in the neck
- at pains
- feel no pain
- for one's pains
- growing pains
- no pain, no gain
- on pain of