- a mode of separating a positive whole number into a sum of positive whole numbers.
- the decomposition of a set into disjoint subsets whose union is the original set: A partition of the set (1, 2, 3, 4, 5) is the collection of subsets (1), (2, 3), (4), and (5).
verb (used with object)
Origin of partition
Synonyms for partition
Antonyms for partition
- the division of a class into a number of disjoint and exhaustive subclasses
- such a set of subclasses
Word Origin for partition
1741, from partition (n.). Related: Partitioned; partitioning.
early 15c., "division into shares, distinction," from Old French particion (12c.), from Latin partitionem (nominative partitio) "a sharing, division, partition, distribution; method of dividing," from past participle stem of partire "to part" (see part (v.)). Sense of "that which separates" first recorded late 15c.