[pahr-tish-uhn, per-]


verb (used with object)

Origin of partition

1400–50; late Middle English < Latin partītiōn- (stem of partītiō) division, equivalent to partīt(us) past participle of partīrī to divide (see party) + -iōn- -ion
Related formspar·ti·tion·a·ble, adjectivepar·ti·tion·ar·y, adjectivepar·ti·tion·er, par·ti·tion·ist, nounpar·ti·tion·ment, nounpre·par·ti·tion, noun, verb (used with object)sub·par·ti·tion, nounsub·par·ti·tioned, adjectivesub·par·ti·tion·ment, nounun·par·ti·tioned, adjective

Synonyms for partition

Synonym study

1. See division.

Antonyms for partition

2. unity. 11. unite. Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for partition

Contemporary Examples of partition

Historical Examples of partition

  • Here is the partition at my ear down in the deep on the lee side.

  • All this time he stood on the other side of the partition and prayed.

    Father Sergius

    Leo Tolstoy

  • There was complete silence on the other side of the partition.

    Father Sergius

    Leo Tolstoy

  • However, one evening in January she knocked with both her fists against the partition.


    Emile Zola

  • I would have shot you that day through the partition, but unfortunately you were not there.

British Dictionary definitions for partition



a division into parts; separation
something that separates, such as a large screen dividing a room in two
a part or share
a division of a country into two or more separate nations
property law a division of property, esp realty, among joint owners
maths any of the ways by which an integer can be expressed as a sum of integers
logic maths
  1. the division of a class into a number of disjoint and exhaustive subclasses
  2. such a set of subclasses
biology a structure that divides or separates
rhetoric the second part of a speech where the chief lines of thought are announced

verb (tr)

(often foll by off) to separate or apportion into sectionsto partition a room off with a large screen
to divide (a country) into two or more separate nations
property law to divide (property, esp realty) among joint owners, by dividing either the property itself or the proceeds of sale
Derived Formspartitioner or partitionist, noun

Word Origin for partition

C15: via Old French from Latin partītiō, from partīre to divide
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for partition

early 15c., "division into shares, distinction," from Old French particion (12c.), from Latin partitionem (nominative partitio) "a sharing, division, partition, distribution; method of dividing," from past participle stem of partire "to part" (see part (v.)). Sense of "that which separates" first recorded late 15c.


1741, from partition (n.). Related: Partitioned; partitioning.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

partition in Medicine




The act or process of dividing something into parts.
The state of being so divided.
A wall, septum, or other separating membrane in an organism.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

partition in Culture


A division of a nation or territory into two or more nations. Cyprus, Germany, India, Ireland, Korea, Palestine, and Vietnam are notable examples of countries that have undergone partition.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.