verb (used with object)
verb (used without object)
- (of a member of an inquest or other deliberative body) to sit (usually followed by on or upon): to pass on a case of manslaughter.
- to adjudicate.
- to vest title or other legal interest in real or personal property in a new owner.
- to forgo one's opportunity to bid, play, etc.
- to throw in one's hand.
- a military document granting the right to cross lines or to enter or leave a military or naval base or building.
- written authority given a soldier to leave a station or duty for a specified period of time.
- a gesture, action, or remark that is intended to be sexually inviting; amorous overture.
- a jab or poke with the arm, especially one that misses its mark.
- a passing of the hand over, along, or before anything.
- the transference or changing of objects by or as by sleight of hand; a manipulation, as of a juggler.
- to cease; end: All this trouble will pass away.
- to die: He passed away during the night.
- to present or offer (something) under false pretenses; dispose of deceptively: to pass off a spurious de Kooning on a gullible buyer.
- to cause to be accepted or received under a false identity: He passed himself off as a doctor.
- to cease gradually; end: The headache passed off in the late afternoon.
- to disregard or ignore.
- to continue to completion; occur: The meeting passed off without incident.
- to disregard; ignore: Just pass over the first part of his letter.
- to fail to take notice of, consider, or choose: He was passed over for the promotion.
- to lose consciousness; faint.
- to die; pass away.
- to distribute, especially individually by hand: to pass out discount coupons on a street corner.
- to walk or march out or through; leave or exit by means of: The graduates will pass out the center aisle after receiving their diplomas. Pass out this door and turn left.
- to be exempted or promoted from: Jerry passed out of freshman composition on the basis of his entering essay.
Origin of pass
Synonyms for pass
- a route through a range of mountains where the summit is lower or where there is a gap between peaks
- (capital as part of a name)the Simplon Pass
- a document allowing entry to and exit from a military installation
- a document authorizing leave of absence
- the passing of a college or university examination to a satisfactory standard but not as high as honours
- (as modifier)a pass degree Compare honours (def. 2)
Word Origin for pass
"written permission to pass into, or through, a place," 1590s, from pass (v.). Sense of "ticket for a free ride or admission" is first found 1838. Colloquial make a pass "offer an amorous advance" first recorded 1928, perhaps from a sporting sense. Phrase come to pass (late 15c.) uses the word with a sense of "completion, accomplishment."
late 13c. (transitive) "to go by (something)," also "to cross over," from Old French passer (11c.), from Vulgar Latin *passare "to step, walk, pass" (cf. Spanish pasar, Italian passare), from Latin passus "step, pace" (see pace (n.)). Intransitive sense of "to go on, to move forward, make one's way" is attested from c.1300. Figurative sense of "to experience, undergo" (as in pass the time) is first recorded late 14c. Sense of "to go through an examination successfully" is from early 15c. Meaning "decline to do something" is attested from 1869, originally in cards (euchre). In football, hockey, soccer, etc., the meaning "to transfer the ball or puck to another player" is from c.1865. Related: Passed; passing.
The meaning "to be thought to be something one is not" (especially in racial sense) is from 1935, from pass oneself off (as), first found 1809. The general verb sense of "to be accepted as equivalent" is from 1590s. Pass up "decline, refuse" is attested from 1896. Pass the buck is from 1865, said to be poker slang reference to the buck horn-handled knife that was passed around to signify whose turn it was to deal. Pass the hat "seek contributions" is from 1762. Pass-fail as a grading method is attested from 1955, American English.
"mountain defile," c.1300, from Old French pas "step, track, passage," from Latin passus "step, pace" (see pace (n.)).
Also, pass on or over. Die, as in He passed away last week, or After Grandma passes on we'll sell the land, or I hear he's about to pass over. All these terms are euphemisms for dying, although the verb pass alone as well as pass away have been used in the sense of “pass out of existence, die” since the 1300s. The two variants—adding on [c. 1800] and over [c. 1900]—allude to moving to some other-worldly realm.
In addition to the idioms beginning with pass
- pass away
- pass by
- pass for
- pass muster
- pass off
- pass on
- pass one's lips
- pass out
- pass over
- pass the buck
- pass the hat
- pass the time
- pass the torch
- pass through one's mind
- pass up
- pass with flying colors
- bring about (to pass)
- come about (to pass)
- cross (pass through) one's mind
- head someone off (at the pass)
- in passing
- make (take) a pass at
- ships that pass in the night