[ suh-kuhm ]
/ səˈkʌm /

verb (used without object)

to give way to superior force; yield: to succumb to despair.
to yield to disease, wounds, old age, etc.; die.

Nearby words

  1. succuba,
  2. succubous,
  3. succubus,
  4. succulent,
  5. succulently,
  6. succursal,
  7. succus,
  8. succuss,
  9. succussion,
  10. succès d'estime

Origin of succumb

1480–90; < Latin succumbere, equivalent to suc- suc- + -cumbere, transitive derivative of cubāre to lie, recline; cf. incumbent

Related formssuc·cumb·er, nounun·suc·cumb·ing, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for succumb

British Dictionary definitions for succumb


/ (səˈkʌm) /

verb (intr often foll by to)

to give way in face of the overwhelming force (of) or desire (for)
to be fatally overwhelmed (by disease, old age, etc); die (of)
Derived Formssuccumber, noun

Word Origin for succumb

C15: from Latin succumbere to be overcome, from sub- + -cumbere from cubāre to lie down

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for succumb



late 15c., from Middle French succomber, from Latin succumbere "submit, sink down, lie under," from sub "down" (see sub-) + -cumbere "take a reclining position," related to cubare "lie down" (see cubicle). Originally transitive; sense of "sink under pressure" is first recorded c.1600. Related: Succumbed; succumbing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper