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capitulate

[kuh-pich-uh-leyt]
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verb (used without object), ca·pit·u·lat·ed, ca·pit·u·lat·ing.
  1. to surrender unconditionally or on stipulated terms.
  2. to give up resistance: He finally capitulated and agreed to do the job my way.
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Origin of capitulate

1570–80; < Medieval Latin capitulātus (past participle of capitulāre to draw up in sections), equivalent to capitul(um) section (literally, small head; see capitulum) + -ātus -ate1
Related formsca·pit·u·lant, nounca·pit·u·la·tor, nounun·ca·pit·u·lat·ed, adjectiveun·ca·pit·u·lat·ing, adjective
Can be confusedcapitulate recapitulate

Synonyms

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2. yield, acquiesce, accede, give in.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

cededeferconcedebowrelentsurrendersuccumbfoldsubmityield

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British Dictionary definitions for capitulate

capitulate

verb
  1. (intr) to surrender, esp under agreed conditions
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Derived Formscapitulator, noun

Word Origin

C16 (meaning: to arrange under heads, draw up in order; hence, to make terms of surrender): from Medieval Latin capitulare to draw up under heads, from capitulum chapter
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for capitulate

v.

1570s, "to draw up in chapters" (i.e., under "heads"), in part a back-formation from capitulation, in part from Medieval Latin capitulatus, past participle of capitulare "to draw up in heads or chapters, arrange conditions." Often of terms of surrender, hence meaning "to yield on stipulated terms" (1680s). Related: Capitulated; capitulating.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper