[pa-stur; French pah-stœr]
- Louis [loo-ee; French lwee] /ˈlu i; French lwi/, 1822–95, French chemist and bacteriologist.
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Examples from the Web for pasteur
Her will dictated that the proceeds went to the Pasteur Institute in Paris for its pioneering fight against AIDS.Buying the Royal Jewels
December 3, 2010
But then the Pasteur was short, and his brother was a dwarf.Malbone
Thomas Wentworth Higginson
I am so glad that you have alluded so honourably to Pasteur.
The flow from the Berkefeld filter is more rapid than from the Pasteur.
Explain the workings of the Pasteur and Berkefeld water filters.
Pasteur describes in detail his method of securing healthy eggs.Fragments of science, V. 1-2
- Louis (lwi). 1822–95, French chemist and bacteriologist. His discovery that the fermentation of milk and alcohol was caused by microorganisms resulted in the process of pasteurization. He also devised methods of immunization against anthrax and rabies and pioneered stereochemistry
Pasteur(păs-tûr′, pä-stœr′)Louis 1822-1895
- French chemist who founded modern microbiology, invented pasteurization, and developed vaccines for anthrax, rabies, and chicken cholera.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
- French chemist who founded modern microbiology. His early work with fermentation led him to invent the process of pasteurization. Pasteur established that microorganisms cause communicable diseases and infections.
Biography: Through his experiments with bacteria in the 1860s, French chemist Louis Pasteur disproved the centuries-old belief that disease was caused by spontaneous generation, the idea that disease-causing parasites arise spontaneously in an organism. Pasteur demonstrated that the fermentation of wine to vinegar was caused by living agents that entered the wine from the air surrounding it, proving instead that microorganisms were able to reproduce. Drawing the conclusion that airborne agents could enter the bodies of humans and animals and cause disease, he then devoted his research to isolating the organisms that cause specific diseases and finding treatments to prevent them. He developed vaccines for anthrax, chicken cholera, and rabies. Pasteur's germ theory of disease was not immediately accepted, but thanks to the work of other pioneering scientists, such as Robert Koch, it eventually provided the foundation for modern branches of medicine such as microbiology, bacteriology, virology, and immunology. Pasteur is also known for developing pasteurization (originally for wine), a process of heating and rapidly cooling liquids that is used to kill disease-causing bacteria, particularly in dairy products.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.