patrician

[puh-trish-uhn]
noun
  1. a person of noble or high rank; aristocrat.
  2. a person of very good background, education, and refinement.
  3. a member of the original senatorial aristocracy in ancient Rome.
  4. (under the later Roman and Byzantine empires) a title or dignity conferred by the emperor.
  5. a member of a hereditary ruling class in certain medieval German, Swiss, and Italian free cities.
adjective
  1. of high social rank or noble family; aristocratic.
  2. befitting or characteristic of persons of very good background, education, and refinement: patrician tastes.
  3. of or belonging to the patrician families of ancient Rome.

Origin of patrician

1400–50; < Latin patrici(us) patrician (pat(e)r FATHER + -icius adj. suffix) + -AN; replacing late Middle English patricion < Old French patricien
Related formspa·tri·cian·hood, pa·tri·cian·ship, nounpa·tri·cian·ism, nounpa·tri·cian·ly, adverbpre·pa·tri·cian, adjectiveun·pa·tri·cian, adjective

Synonyms for patrician

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for patricianly

patrician

noun
  1. a member of the hereditary aristocracy of ancient Rome. In the early republic the patricians held almost all the higher officesCompare plebs (def. 2)
  2. a high nonhereditary title awarded by Constantine and his eastern Roman successors for services to the empire
  3. (in medieval Europe)
    1. a title borne by numerous princes including several emperors from the 8th to the 12th centuries
    2. a member of the upper class in numerous Italian republics and German free cities
  4. an aristocrat
  5. a person of refined conduct, tastes, etc
adjective
  1. (esp in ancient Rome) of, relating to, or composed of patricians
  2. aristocratic
  3. oligarchic and often antidemocratic or nonpopularpatrician political views

Word Origin for patrician

C15: from Old French patricien, from Latin patricius noble, from pater father
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for patricianly

patrician

n.

early 15c., "member of the ancient Roman noble order," from Middle French patricien, from Latin patricius "of the rank of the nobles, of the senators; of fatherly dignity," from patres conscripti "Roman senators," literally "fathers," plural of pater "father" (see father (n.)). Contrasted, in ancient Rome, with plebeius. Applied to noble citizens and higher orders of free folk in medieval Italian and German cities (sense attested in English from 1610s); hence "nobleman, aristocrat" in a modern sense (1630s). As an adjective, attested from 1610s, from the noun.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper