- Alessandro Farnese, 1468–1549, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1534–49.
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- original name Alessandro Farnese. 1468–1549, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1534–49). He excommunicated Henry VIII of England (1538) and inaugurated the Counter-Reformation by approving the establishment of the Jesuits (1540), instituting the Inquisition in Italy, and convening the Council of Trent (1545)