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Penates

or pe·na·tes

[puh-ney-teez, -nah-]
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plural noun Roman Religion.
  1. gods who watched over the home or community to which they belonged: originally, two deities of the storeroom.
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Compare Lares.

Origin of Penates

1505–15; < Latin Penātēs, akin to penus stock of provisions
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for penates

penates

pl n
  1. See lares and penates
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Word Origin

Latin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for penates

n.

Roman household gods, 1510s, from Latin penates "gods of the inside of the house," related to penatus "sanctuary of a temple" (especially that of Vesta), cognate with penitus "within" (see penetrate).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper