Persian

[pur-zhuh n, -shuh n]
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adjective

of or relating to ancient and recent Persia (now Iran), its people, or their language.

noun

a member of the native peoples of Iran, descended in part from the ancient Iranians.
a citizen of ancient Persia.
an Iranian language, the principal language of Iran and western Afghanistan, in its historical and modern forms.Compare Old Persian, Pahlavi, Farsi.
Architecture. a figure of a man used as a column.
Persians. Persian blinds.

Origin of Persian

1325–75; Persi(a) + -an; replacing Middle English Persien < Middle French; replacing Old English Persisc (see -ish1)
Related formspre-Per·sian, adjective, nounpseu·do-Per·sian, adjective, nountrans-Per·sian, adjective

Persians, The

noun

a tragedy (472 b.c.) by Aeschylus.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for persians

Contemporary Examples of persians

Historical Examples of persians

  • After the Greeks came the Persians, who conquered all of northern Africa.

    Ancient Man

    Hendrik Willem van Loon

  • The Persians called it Bagistana which means the "dwellingplace of the Gods."

    Ancient Man

    Hendrik Willem van Loon

  • The laws of hospitality are as the laws of the Medes and Persians.

  • The Persians landed from their ships and filled the plain near the shore.

    Introductory American History

    Henry Eldridge Bourne

  • For some time the Athenians watched the Persians, not knowing what it was best to do.

    Introductory American History

    Henry Eldridge Bourne


British Dictionary definitions for persians

Persian

adjective

of or relating to ancient Persia or modern Iran, their inhabitants, or their languages

noun

a native, citizen, or inhabitant of modern Iran; an Iranian
a member of an Indo-European people of West Iranian speech who established a great empire in SW Asia in the 6th century bc
the language of Iran or Persia in any of its ancient or modern forms, belonging to the West Iranian branch of the Indo-European familySee also Avestan, Old Persian, Pahlavi 2, Farsi
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for persians

Persian

c.1400, percynne (adj.), Old English Perse (n.), both from Latin *Persianus (the adjective via Old French persien), from Persia "Persia" (see Persia). First record of Persian cat is from 1785.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper