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phosphorylase

[ fos-fer-uh-leys, -leyz, fos-fawr-uh-, -for- ]
/ ˈfɒs fər əˌleɪs, -ˌleɪz, fɒsˈfɔr ə-, -ˈfɒr- /
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noun Biochemistry.

any enzyme, occurring widely in animal and plant tissue, that in the presence of an inorganic phosphate catalyzes the conversion of glycogen into sugar phosphate.

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Origin of phosphorylase

First recorded in 1935–40; phosphor- + -yl + -ase
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

British Dictionary definitions for phosphorylase

phosphorylase
/ (fɒsˈfɒrɪˌleɪs, -ˌleɪz) /

noun

any of a group of enzymes that catalyse the hydrolysis of glycogen to glucose-1-phosphate

Word Origin for phosphorylase

C20: from phosphorus + -yl + -ase
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for phosphorylase

phosphorylase
[ fŏsfər-ə-lās′, -lāz′ ]

n.

An enzyme that catalyzes the production of glucose phosphate from glycogen and inorganic phosphate.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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