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phreatophyte

[free-at-uh-fahyt]
noun
  1. a long-rooted plant that absorbs its water from the water table or the soil above it.
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Origin of phreatophyte

1915–20; < Greek phreat- (see phreatic) + -o- + -phyte
Related formsphre·at·o·phyt·ic [free-at-uh-fit-ik] /friˌæt əˈfɪt ɪk/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for phreatophyte

phreatophyte

noun
  1. a plant having very long roots that reach down to the water table or the layer above it
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Word Origin

C20: from Greek phrear a well + -phyte
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

phreatophyte in Science

phreatophyte

[frē-ătə-fīt′]
  1. A deep-rooted plant that obtains water from a permanent ground supply or from the water table, such as many tamarisk species. Phreatophytes are often found in arid environments.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.