platen

[plat-n]
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noun

a flat plate in a printing press for pressing the paper against the inked type or plate to produce an impression.
a rotating cylinder used for the same purpose.
the roller of a typewriter.
(on a planing machine or the like) the bed to which the work is fastened.
(on a testing machine) a plate for applying compression to a sample.

Origin of platen

1400–50; earlier platyne, late Middle English plateyne chalice cover < Middle French platine. See plate1, -ine1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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Historical Examples of platen


British Dictionary definitions for platen

platen

noun

a flat plate in a printing press that presses the paper against the type
the roller on a typewriter, against which the keys strike
the worktable of a machine tool, esp one that is slotted to enable T-bolts to be used

Word Origin for platen

C15: from Old French platine, from plat flat; see plate
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for platen
n.

1540s, from Middle French plateine, from Old French platine "flat piece, metal plate" (13c.), perhaps altered (by influence of plat "flat") from patene, from Latin patena "pan."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper