- well filled out or rounded in form; somewhat fleshy or fat.
- to become plump (often followed by up or out).
- to make plump (often followed by up or out): to plump up the sofa pillows.
Origin of plump1
SynonymsSee more synonyms for on Thesaurus.com
Related Wordsoverweight, fatness, bulk, plumpness, chubbiness, breadth, weight, flesh, largeness, size, grossness, protuberance, inflation, corpulence, heaviness, obesity, girth, distension, bulkiness, adiposity
Examples from the Web for plumpness
He had not guessed she was thus acutely sensitive concerning her plumpness.Within the Law
Since then his slenderness has developed into plumpness and his hope into certitude.My Double Life
The grains should then be counted and their plumpness and size observed.Agriculture for Beginners
Charles William Burkett
In no case should plumpness be so predominant as to destroy the distinctness of parts.
Miss Clara, the teacher, lacked Aunt Cordelia's optimism, also her plumpness.Americans All
- well filled out or rounded; fleshy or chubbya plump turkey
- bulging, as with contents; fulla plump wallet
- (of amounts of money) generous; amplea plump cheque
- (often foll by up or out) to make or become plumpto plump up a pillow
- (often foll by down, into, etc) to drop or fall suddenly and heavilyto plump down on the sofa
- (intr foll by for) to give support (to) or make a choice (of) one out of a group or number
- a heavy abrupt fall or the sound of this
- suddenly or heavilyhe ran plump into the old lady
- straight down; directlythe helicopter landed plump in the middle of the field
- in a blunt, direct, or decisive manner
- archaic, or dialect a group of people, animals, or things; troop; cluster
Word Origin and History for plumpness
late 15c., "blunt, dull" (in manners), from Dutch plomp "blunt, thick, massive, stumpy," probably related to plompen "fall or drop heavily" (see plump (v.)). Meaning "fleshy, of rounded form" is from 1540s in English. Danish and Swedish plump "rude, coarse, clumsy" are from the Low German word and represent a different sense development.
c.1300, "to fall or strike with a full impact," common Low German word, from or related to Middle Dutch and Dutch plompen, East Frisian plumpen, Middle Low German plumpen, probably more or less imitative of something hard striking something soft. Hence plump (n.) "a firm blow," in pugilism usually one to the stomach.
To plump; to strike, or shoot. I'll give you a plump in the bread basket, or the victualling office; I'll give you a blow in the stomach. ["Dictionary of Buckish Slang, University Wit and Pickpocket Eloquence," London, 1811]
Or, even if any of them should suspect me, I know how to bring myself off. It is but pretending to be affronted, stripping directly, challenging him to fight, and before he can be on his guard, hitting him a plump in the bread-basket, that shall make him throw up his accounts; and I'll engage he will have but very little stomach to accuse me after. ["The Reverie: or A Flight to the Paradise of Fools," London, 1763]
"to become plump," 1530s, from plump (adj.). Meaning "to plump (something) up, to cause to swell" is from 1530s. Related: Plumped; plumping.