verb (used with object)

verb (used without object)

to make entreaty or supplication, as to a person or for a thing.

Origin of pray

1250–1300; Middle English preien < Old French preierLatin precārī to beg, pray, derivative of prex (stem prec-) prayer; akin to Old English fricgan, Dutch vragen, German fragen, Gothic fraihnan to ask
Related formspray·ing·ly, adverbout·pray, verb (used with object)un·pray·ing, adjective
Can be confusedpray prayer prey

Synonyms for pray Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for prays

Contemporary Examples of prays

Historical Examples of prays

  • In Sonnet 136 he prays her to allow him to be one of her lovers.

  • Israel prays for blessing, that God may be known among all nations.

  • He prays not for himself, nor cares for personal deliverance.

    Oswald Langdon

    Carson Jay Lee

  • Even now he prays thrice daily before her ihai on the shrine.

    The Dragon Painter

    Mary McNeil Fenollosa

  • Ask the man who prays in yonder mosque, and he will tell you that Jabaster's wrong.'


    Benjamin Disraeli

British Dictionary definitions for prays



(when intr, often foll by for; when tr, usually takes a clause as object) to utter prayers (to God or other object of worship)we prayed to God for the sick child
(when tr, usually takes a clause as object or an infinitive) to make an earnest entreaty (to or for); beg or imploreshe prayed to be allowed to go; leave, I pray you
(tr) rare to accomplish or bring by prayingto pray a soul into the kingdom


archaic I beg you; pleasepray, leave us alone

Word Origin for pray

C13: from Old French preier, from Latin precārī to implore, from prex an entreaty; related to Old English fricgan, Old High German frāgēn to ask, Old Norse fregna to enquire
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for prays



early 13c., "ask earnestly, beg," also (c.1300) "pray to a god or saint," from Old French preier "to pray" (c.900, Modern French prier), from Vulgar Latin *precare (also source of Italian pregare), from Latin precari "ask earnestly, beg, entreat," from *prex (plural preces, genitive precis) "prayer, request, entreaty," from PIE root *prek- "to ask, request, entreat" (cf. Sanskrit prasna-, Avestan frashna- "question;" Old Church Slavonic prositi, Lithuanian prasyti "to ask, beg;" Old High German frahen, German fragen, Old English fricgan "to ask" a question).

Parenthetical expression I pray you, "please, if you will," attested from 1510s, contracted to pray 16c. Related: Prayed; praying. Praying mantis attested from 1809. The "Gardener's Monthly" of July 1861 lists other names for it as camel cricket, soothsayer, and rear horse.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper