prostration

[pro-strey-shuh n]
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noun
  1. the act of prostrating.
  2. the state of being prostrated.
  3. extreme mental or emotional depression or dejection: nervous prostration.
  4. extreme physical weakness or exhaustion: heat prostration.

Origin of prostration

1520–30; < Late Latin prōstrātiōn- (stem of prōstrātiō) a lying prone. See prostrate, -ion
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


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Word Origin and History for prostration
n.

c.1400, "action of prostrating oneself," from Old French prostracion (14c.) or directly from Late Latin prostrationem (nominative prostratio), noun of action from past participle stem of prosternere (see prostrate (v.)); or else a native formation from prostrate (v.). Meaning "weakness, exhaustion, dejection" is from 1650s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

prostration in Medicine

prostration

[prŏ-strāshən]
n.
  1. Total exhaustion or weakness; collapse.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.