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proventriculus

[proh-ven-trik-yuh-luh s]
noun, plural pro·ven·tric·u·li [proh-ven-trik-yuh-lahy] /ˌproʊ vɛnˈtrɪk yəˌlaɪ/.
  1. the glandular portion of the stomach of birds, in which food is partially digested before passing to the ventriculus or gizzard.
  2. a similar enlargement in the alimentary tract of several invertebrates, variously modified for maceration and digestion.
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Origin of proventriculus

First recorded in 1825–35; pro-1 + ventriculus
Related formspro·ven·tric·u·lar, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for proventriculus

Historical Examples of proventriculus

  • One specimen, two inches long, reached from the crop to the proventriculus.

    Parasites

    T. Spencer Cobbold

  • The first appears like an elongated dilatation of the œsophagus, forming the Proventriculus or glandular stomach.


British Dictionary definitions for proventriculus

proventriculus

noun plural -triculi (-ˈtrɪkjʊˌlaɪ)
  1. the first part of the stomach of birds, the gizzard
  2. the thick muscular stomach of crustaceans and insects; gizzard
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Derived Formsproventricular, adjective

Word Origin for proventriculus

C19: from New Latin, from Latin pro- 1 + ventriculus little belly, from venter belly
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012