Origin of Purim
Words nearby Purim
MORE ABOUT PURIM
What is Purim?
Purim is a Jewish holiday in celebration of the deliverance of the Jewish people in ancient Persia from a massacre planned by Haman, a powerful Persian official.
The story of Purim revolves around Esther, the Jewish wife of Persian King Ahasuerus, and her pleas to the king to save the Jewish people.
Jews often observe Purim with religious services that include readings from the Book of Esther. It is traditional during such readings to make noise to drown out Haman’s name when it is spoken. Festive traditions include special meals and dressing up in costume. Small cakes known as hamantaschen are popular Purim treats.
Purim comes before Passover, a major Jewish holiday.
When is Purim?
Purim takes place on the 14th day of the Jewish calendar month of Adar. (In leap years, it takes place during the intercalary month of Adar Sheni.) Because the Jewish calendar is a lunisolar calendar, the corresponding dates on the Gregorian calendar vary from year to year. Purim usually falls in February or March. Days on the Jewish calendar are considered to begin and end at sundown.
In 2023, Purim will start on the evening of March 6 and end at sundown on March 7. In 2024, Purim will start on the evening of March 23 and end at sundown on March 24.
More information and context on Purim
The story of Purim comes from the reign of Persian King Aharsuerus in the 400s b.c.e., when the Jews were subjects of the Persian empire.
The story centers around a plot by the powerful Persian figure Haman to massacre the Jews. Haman plots the massacre in revenge for the refusal of the Jewish leader Mordecai to obey an order to kneel before him. At Haman’s request, the king grants a decree calling for the extermination of all Jewish people on a certain date
Mordecai is the cousin of Esther, a Jewish woman who is the wife of King Aharsuerus. Mordecai eventually convinces Esther to intervene, thus revealing to the king that she is a Jew. Aharsuerus then sentences Haman to death by hanging (on the same gallows that had been erected to hang Mordecai), gives Haman’s position to Mordecai, and issues another decree allowing Jews to defend themselves from attack.
The name Purim comes from a Hebrew word meaning “lots,” a reference to the lots that Haman cast to determine the day of the massacre.
What are some terms that often get used in discussing Purim?
How is Purim discussed in real life?
Jews observe Purim in celebratory ways. Festive traditions include special foods and dressing in costume.
Getting ready for Purim! pic.twitter.com/bAzVUBU06O
— Park East Day School (@RASPEDS) March 7, 2022
🤤 50 of these bad boys ready to be eaten. Gotta love Purim! #Jews pic.twitter.com/0HO8AsyWEY
— Alpha_Dawg7 (@Alpha_Dawg7) March 6, 2022
#Jwitter friends– do you ever have an existential crisis about how your Purim costume for this year will never top your Purim costumes from previous years?
And how there's nothing new under the sun and every costume has already been done?
Nope? Just me?
Cool. Cool cool cool.
— Tzivia (@Tzivers) March 6, 2022
Try using Purim!
True or False?
During Purim services, it is traditional to make noise whenever Haman’s name is mentioned.
How to use Purim in a sentence
We fasted for Yom Kippur, read from the Megillah for Purim, and said bruchas over every meal.A Jewish Ex-Con Recalls Keeping Kosher with the Faithful in Prison|Daniel Genis|May 11, 2014|DAILY BEAST
If this were the Purim story, Biden would be King Achashverosh.Biden's AIPAC Pandering|Peter Beinart|March 5, 2013|DAILY BEAST
Liberal Judaism has sadly been guilty of Pediatric Judaism for a long time, and not just on Purim.
He chides us liberals for not taking Purim seriously enough, for relegating it to “a play date for the kids.”
And if you want to take Purim seriously, as I do, neither should you.
The actors begin in a chanting way: "Good evening, my good people, do you know what Purim means?"
Even the name of God is not once mentioned, perhaps from a dread of its profanation during the Saturnalia of Purim.
The problem of the origin of the name Purim, however, can hardly be said to have received a final solution.
Many writers hold that it was the Passover, others that it was the feast of Purim, or some other Jewish celebration.Jesus the Christ|James Edward Talmage
"Drunk all the year round, sober at Purim," is a Jewish proverb, and people ought to know whence it comes.Yiddish Tales|Various
British Dictionary definitions for Purim
Word Origin for Purim
Cultural definitions for Purim
A Jewish festival celebrated each spring before Passover (see also Passover). It commemorates the deliverance of the Jews (see also Jews) from wholesale slaughter by Haman. (See Esther.)