[ poo r-im; Sephardic Hebrew poo-reem; Ashkenazic Hebrew poor-im ]
/ ˈpʊər ɪm; Sephardic Hebrew puˈrim; Ashkenazic Hebrew ˈpʊər ɪm /


a Jewish festival celebrated on the 14th day of the month of Adar in commemoration of the deliverance of the Jews in Persia from destruction by Haman.

Origin of Purim

< Hebrew pūrīm, plural of pūr lot
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for purim

British Dictionary definitions for purim


/ (ˈpʊərɪm, Hebrew puːˈriːm ) /


a Jewish holiday celebrated on Adar 14, in February or March, and in Adar Sheni in leap years, to commemorate the deliverance of the Jews from the massacre planned for them by Haman (Esther 9)

Word Origin for Purim

Hebrew pūrīm, plural of pūr lot; from the casting of lots by Haman
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for purim



Jewish festival on the 14th of Adar (in commemoration of the defeat of Haman's plot), late 14c., from Hebrew purim, literally "lots" (plural of pur), identified with haggoral "the lot" (Esther iii:7, ix:24), perhaps from Akkadian puru "stone, urn," "which itself is prob. a loan word from Sumeric bur" [Klein].

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Culture definitions for purim


[ (poor-im) ]

A Jewish festival celebrated each spring before Passover (see also Passover). It commemorates the deliverance of the Jews (see also Jews) from wholesale slaughter by Haman. (See Esther.)

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.