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quintessence

[kwin-tes-uh ns]
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noun
  1. the pure and concentrated essence of a substance.
  2. the most perfect embodiment of something.
  3. (in ancient and medieval philosophy) the fifth essence or element, ether, supposed to be the constituent matter of the heavenly bodies, the others being air, fire, earth, and water.
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Origin of quintessence

1400–50; Middle English < Medieval Latin quīnta essentia fifth essence
Related formsquin·tes·sen·tial [kwin-tuh-sen-shuh l] /ˌkwɪn təˈsɛn ʃəl/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for quintessence

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • To the man of the world they are the quintessence of his own reflections upon life.

  • "This is the quintessence of my journalism; that is the supreme argument," he said to Antonia.

  • The law of compensation itself is the quintessence of horse sense.

    Dollars and Sense

    Col. Wm. C. Hunter

  • Adams was a quintessence of Boston, devoured by curiosity to think like Benvenuto.

  • They are the very breath of democracy; the quintessence of freedom.

    The Debs Decision

    Scott Nearing


British Dictionary definitions for quintessence

quintessence

noun
  1. the most typical representation of a quality, state, etc
  2. an extract of a substance containing its principle in its most concentrated form
  3. (in ancient and medieval philosophy) ether, the fifth and highest essence or element after earth, water, air, and fire, which was thought to be the constituent matter of the heavenly bodies and latent in all things
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Word Origin

C15: via French from Medieval Latin quinta essentia the fifth essence, translation of Greek pemptē ousia
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for quintessence

n.

early 15c., in ancient and medieval philosophy, "pure essence, substance of which the heavenly bodies are composed," literally "fifth essence," from Middle French quinte essence (14c.), from Medieval Latin quinta essentia, from Latin quinta, fem. of quintus "fifth" (see quinque-) + essentia (see Parousia).

A loan-translation of Greek pempte ousia, the "ether" added by Aristotle to the four known elements (water, earth, fire, air) and said to permeate all things. Its extraction was one of the chief goals of alchemy. Sense of "purest essence" (of a situation, character, etc.) is first recorded 1580s.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper