[ ri-kuhm-buhnt ]
See synonyms for recumbent on
  1. lying down; reclining; leaning.

  2. inactive; idle.

  1. Zoology, Botany. noting a part that leans or reposes upon its surface of origin.

  1. a recumbent person, animal, plant, etc.

Origin of recumbent

1765–75; <Latin recumbent- (stem of recumbēns), present participle of recumbere to lie back, equivalent to re-re- + cumb-, akin to cubāre to lie down + -ent--ent

Other words for recumbent

Other words from recumbent

  • re·cum·ben·cy, re·cum·bence, noun
  • re·cum·bent·ly, adverb
  • un·re·cum·bent, adjective
  • un·re·cum·bent·ly, adverb Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

How to use recumbent in a sentence

  • She had brought him down, for his eyes lingered on her as she leaned to Peter and pulled him up from his sun-baked recumbency.

    The Shadow of Life | Anne Douglas Sedgwick
  • Some writers state that it may be produced by confining an animal in recumbency, with the casting harness.

    Lameness of the Horse | John Victor Lacroix
  • Mr Blenkiron, having finished his after-dinner recumbency, had sat up and pulled a small table towards him.

    Greenmantle | John Buchan
  • I placed two or three chairs in a line, and followed his example at full recumbency.

    Turner | William Cosmo Monkhouse
  • The standing position is not often maintained, the patient seeking relief in recumbency.

    Special Report on Diseases of the Horse | United States Department of Agriculture

British Dictionary definitions for recumbent


/ (rɪˈkʌmbənt) /

  1. lying down; reclining

  2. (of a part or organ) leaning or resting against another organ or the ground: a recumbent stem

  1. (of a fold in a rock formation) in which the axial plane is nearly horizontal

Origin of recumbent

C17: from Latin recumbere to lie back, from re- + cumbere to lie

Derived forms of recumbent

  • recumbence or recumbency, noun
  • recumbently, adverb

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012