[ ri-kuhm-buhnt ]
/ rɪˈkʌm bənt /


lying down; reclining; leaning.
inactive; idle.
Zoology, Botany. noting a part that leans or reposes upon its surface of origin.


a recumbent person, animal, plant, etc.

Origin of recumbent

1765–75; < Latin recumbent- (stem of recumbēns), present participle of recumbere to lie back, equivalent to re- re- + cumb-, akin to cubāre to lie down + -ent- -ent


re·cum·ben·cy, re·cum·bence, nounre·cum·bent·ly, adverbun·re·cum·bent, adjectiveun·re·cum·bent·ly, adverb Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for recumbency

  • The standing position is not often maintained, the patient seeking relief in recumbency.

    Special Report on Diseases of the Horse|United States Department of Agriculture
  • Some writers state that it may be produced by confining an animal in recumbency, with the casting harness.

    Lameness of the Horse|John Victor Lacroix

British Dictionary definitions for recumbency

/ (rɪˈkʌmbənt) /


lying down; reclining
(of a part or organ) leaning or resting against another organ or the grounda recumbent stem
(of a fold in a rock formation) in which the axial plane is nearly horizontal

Derived forms of recumbent

recumbence or recumbency, nounrecumbently, adverb

Word Origin for recumbent

C17: from Latin recumbere to lie back, from re- + cumbere to lie
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medicine definitions for recumbency

[ rĭ-kŭmbənt ]


Lying down, especially in a position of comfort; reclining.

Other words from recumbent

re•cumbence null n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.