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ressentiment

[French ruh-sahn-tee-mahn]
noun
  1. any cautious, defeatist, or cynical attitude based on the belief that the individual and human institutions exist in a hostile or indifferent universe or society.
  2. an oppressive awareness of the futility of trying to improve one's status in life or in society.
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Origin of ressentiment

From French, dating back to 1940–45; see origin at resentment
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Word Origin and History for ressentiment

n.

1943, a word from Nietzsche, from German ressentiment, from French ressentiment (see resentment). The French word also was borrowed as obsolete English resentiment (16c.) "feeling or sense (of something); state of being deeply affected by (something); resentment."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper