ribosomal RNA

  1. a type of RNA, distinguished by its length and abundance, functioning in protein synthesis as a component of ribosomes. Abbreviation: rRNA

Origin of ribosomal RNA

First recorded in 1960–65; ribosome + -al1

Words Nearby ribosomal RNA

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

How to use ribosomal RNA in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for ribosomal RNA

ribosomal RNA

  1. biochem a type of RNA thought to be transcribed from DNA in the nucleoli of cell nuclei, subsequently forming the component of ribosomes on which the translation of messenger RNA into protein chains is accomplished: Sometimes shortened to: rRNA

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for ribosomal RNA

ribosomal RNA

[ rī′bə-sōməl ]

  1. The RNA that is a structural component of a ribosome. Comparison of gene sequences of the ribosomal RNA of different organisms has been used to determine evolutionary relationships among the organisms. See more at RNA.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.