• synonyms


[suh-bat-i-kuh l]
  1. of or pertaining or appropriate to the Sabbath.
  2. (lowercase) of or relating to a sabbatical year.
  3. (lowercase) bringing a period of rest.
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  1. (lowercase) sabbatical year.
  2. (lowercase) any extended period of leave from one's customary work, especially for rest, to acquire new skills or training, etc.
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Sometimes Sab·bat·ic.

Origin of Sabbatical

1605–15; < Greek sabbatikós (sábbat(on) Sabbath + -ikos -ic) + -al1
Related formsSab·bat·i·cal·ly, adverbSab·bat·i·cal·ness, nounnon-Sab·bat·ic, adjective, nounnon-Sab·bat·i·cal, adjective, nounnon-Sab·bat·i·cal·ly, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for sabbatic

Historical Examples of sabbatic

  • Is there any designation of the first day for a sabbatic purpose?

    Tracts on the Sabbath


  • Let every thing which has the least semblance of the Sabbatic rest be annihilated.

  • From all this it is clear that the Sabbatic goat must have had some connexion with the East.

  • The street, in the Sabbatic sunshine, was as calm as at midnight.

    The Price of Love

    Arnold Bennett

  • There must have been a sabbatic air of comfort about the dining-room which was soothing.

British Dictionary definitions for sabbatic


  1. denoting a period of leave granted to university staff, teachers, etc, esp approximately every seventh yeara sabbatical year; sabbatical leave
  2. denoting a post that renders the holder eligible for such leave
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  1. any sabbatical period
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Word Origin for sabbatical

C16: from Greek sabbatikos; see Sabbath


adjective Also: Sabbatic
  1. of, relating to, or appropriate to the Sabbath as a day of rest and religious observance
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  1. short for sabbatical year
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for sabbatic



1640s, "of or suitable for the Sabbath," from Latin sabbaticus, from Greek sabbatikos "of the Sabbath" (see Sabbath). Noun meaning "a year's absence granted to researchers" (originally one year in seven, to university professors) is from 1934, short for sabbatical year, etc., first recorded 1886 (the thing itself is attested from 1880, at Harvard), related to sabbatical year (1590s) in Mosaic law, the seventh year, in which land was to remain untilled and debtors and slaves released.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper