[ suh-bat-i-kuhl ]
See synonyms for Sabbatical on
  1. of or pertaining or appropriate to the Sabbath.

  2. (lowercase) of or relating to a sabbatical year.

  1. (lowercase) bringing a period of rest.

  1. (lowercase) sabbatical year.

  2. (lowercase) any extended period of leave from one's customary work, especially for rest, to acquire new skills or training, etc.

Origin of Sabbatical

First recorded in 1605–15; equivalent to Greek sabbatikós (from sábbat(on) Sabbath + -ikos -ic) + -al1
  • Sometimes Sab·bat·ic .

Other words from Sabbatical

  • Sab·bat·i·cal·ly, adverb
  • Sab·bat·i·cal·ness, noun
  • non-Sab·bat·ic, adjective, noun
  • non-Sab·bat·i·cal, adjective, noun
  • non-Sab·bat·i·cal·ly, adverb Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

How to use Sabbatical in a sentence

  • Warning was given that the loans to a poor Hebrew should not be withheld because the sabbatic year was close at hand.

    The Astronomy of the Bible | E. Walter Maunder
  • The interpretation of the sabbatic year and the year of Jubilee has greatly exercised commentators.

    The Astronomy of the Bible | E. Walter Maunder
  • If, on the contrary, it was tilled for six years, then the run of the sabbatic years would be interrupted.

    The Astronomy of the Bible | E. Walter Maunder
  • A natural syphon from an underground basin accounts for this flow, as also for that of the Sabbatic river in North Syria.

    Palestine | Claude Reignier Conder
  • It was the Sabbatic year, when nothing is sown and the land lies fallow.

    A Thousand Years of Jewish History | Maurice H. (Maurice Henry) Harris

British Dictionary definitions for sabbatical (1 of 2)


/ (səˈbætɪkəl) /

  1. denoting a period of leave granted to university staff, teachers, etc, esp approximately every seventh year: a sabbatical year; sabbatical leave

  2. denoting a post that renders the holder eligible for such leave

  1. any sabbatical period

Origin of sabbatical

C16: from Greek sabbatikos; see Sabbath

British Dictionary definitions for Sabbatical (2 of 2)


/ (səˈbætɪkəl) /

adjectiveAlso: Sabbatic
  1. of, relating to, or appropriate to the Sabbath as a day of rest and religious observance

  1. short for sabbatical year

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012