sanbenito

[ san-buh-nee-toh ]
/ ˌsæn bəˈni toʊ /

noun, plural san·be·ni·tos. (under the Spanish Inquisition)

an ornamented garment worn by a condemned heretic at an auto-da-fé.
a penitential garment worn by a confessed heretic, of yellow for the penitent, of black for the impenitent.

Origin of sanbenito

1550–60; < Spanish, named after San Benito Saint Benedict, from its resemblance to the scapular believed to have been introduced by him
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for sanbenito

sanbenito

/ (ˌsænbəˈniːtəʊ) /

noun plural -tos

a yellow garment bearing a red cross, worn by penitent heretics in the Inquisition
a black garment bearing flames and devils, worn by impenitent heretics at an auto-da-fé

Word Origin for sanbenito

C16: from Spanish San Benito Saint Benedict, an ironical allusion to its likeness to the Benedictine scapular
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012