[ sang-gwin ]
/ ˈsæŋ gwɪn /



a red iron-oxide crayon used in making drawings.

Nearby words

  1. sanguiferous,
  2. sanguification,
  3. sanguinaria,
  4. sanguinarine,
  5. sanguinary,
  6. sanguineous,
  7. sanguinity,
  8. sanguinivorous,
  9. sanguino-,
  10. sanguinolent

Origin of sanguine

1275–1325; Middle English sanguyne a blood-red cloth < Old French sanguin < Latin sanguineus bloody, equivalent to sanguin-, stem of sanguis blood + -eus -eous

Related forms
Can be confusedsanguinary sanguine Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for sanguinity

British Dictionary definitions for sanguinity


/ (ˈsæŋɡwɪn) /


cheerful and confident; optimistic
(esp of the complexion) ruddy in appearance
an obsolete word for sanguinary (def. 2)


Also called: red chalk a red pencil containing ferric oxide, used in drawing
Derived Formssanguinely, adverbsanguineness or sanguinity, noun

Word Origin for sanguine

C14: from Latin sanguineus bloody, from sanguis blood

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for sanguinity
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for sanguinity


[ sănggwĭn ]


Of a healthy, reddish color; ruddy.
Cheerfully confident; optimistic.
Having blood as the dominant humor in terms of medieval physiology.
Having the temperament and ruddy complexion that was formerly thought to be characteristic of a person dominated by this humor; passionate.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.