LEARN THE SPANISH WORDS FOR THESE COMMON ANIMALS!
Origin of sarco-
Words nearby sarco-
WORDS THAT USE SARCO-
What does sarco- mean?
Sarco- comes from the Greek sárx, meaning “flesh.” Did you know the word sarcasm also comes from this Greek root? What could “bitter derision” or “harsh irony” possibly have to do with flesh? Learn more at our entry for sarcasm.
What are variants of sarco-?
Examples of sarco-
One word you may be familiar with that features sarco- is sarcophagus, “a stone coffin, especially one bearing sculpture, inscriptions, etc., often displayed as a monument,” especially in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. The word sarcophagus—not to be confused with the related word sacrophagous—comes from a Greek word meaning “flesh-consuming”; the Greeks believed there was a kind of stone thought to consume the flesh of corpses, and so it was used for coffins.
Our conservators have been busy getting objects ready for our upcoming #TroyExhibition.
— British Museum (@britishmuseum) July 27, 2019
Another term using sarco- that you may have heard is sarcomere, an anatomical term for a part of certain types of muscle. Now, we know sarco- means “flesh.” The second part of the word, -mere, comes from the Greek méros, meaning “part.” Sarcomere literally translates to “part of flesh.” Fortunately, the word sarcomere is far more specific than its literal meaning would suggest!
Sarco- also appears in sarcosuchus, the name of an extinct relative of the crocodile that clocked in at over 30 feet long and nearly 10,000 pounds. This formidable “super-croc,” whose name literally means “flesh crocodile,” lived over 100 million years ago in what is now Africa and South America. The sarcosuchus notably figures in the 2017 video game Ark: Survival Evolved, where the giant reptile is popularly called Sarco for short.
What are some words that use the combining form sarco-?
What are some other forms that sarco- may be commonly confused with?