- a person or group made to bear the blame for others or to suffer in their place.
- Chiefly Biblical. a goat let loose in the wilderness on Yom Kippur after the high priest symbolically laid the sins of the people on its head. Lev. 16:8,10,26.
- to make a scapegoat of: Strike leaders tried to scapegoat foreign competitors.
Origin of scapegoat
- the act or practice of assigning blame or failure to another, as to deflect attention or responsibility away from oneself.
Origin of scapegoatism
Examples from the Web for scapegoating
The sociological phenomenon at play here exhibits all the historical tendencies of “scapegoating.”Why Do We Hate Hipsters So F'ing Much?
July 13, 2014
“When people see injustice or prejudice or scapegoating or bullying, they have to intervene,” she says.At U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum’s Anniversary, One Survivor’s Quest Continues
April 29, 2013
Giuliani was determined to prove how tough he was by scapegoating blacks.Ray Kelly's Lonely War
November 8, 2011
In 2009, Berlet authored a report titled, "Toxic to Democracy: Conspiracy Theories, Demonization and Scapegoating."The Cult Web Film that Inspired Loughner
January 13, 2011
“One thing they thrive on in Washington is scapegoating,” he said.George Allen Stumps Again—for Oil
June 2, 2010
- a person made to bear the blame for others
- Old Testament a goat used in the ritual of Yom Kippur (Leviticus 16); it was symbolically laden with the sins of the Israelites and sent into the wilderness to be destroyed
- (tr) to make a scapegoat of
Word Origin and History for scapegoating
1530, "goat sent into the wilderness on the Day of Atonement, symbolic bearer of the sins of the people," coined by Tyndale from scape (n.) + goat to translate Latin caper emissarius, itself a translation in Vulgate of Hebrew 'azazel (Lev. xvi:8,10,26), which was read as 'ez ozel "goat that departs," but which others hold to be the proper name of a devil or demon in Jewish mythology (sometimes identified with Canaanite deity Aziz).
Jerome's reading also was followed by Martin Luther (der ledige Bock), Symmachus (tragos aperkhomenos), and others (cf. French bouc émissaire), but the question of who, or what (or even where) is meant by 'azazel is a vexed one. The Revised Version (1884) simply restores Azazel. But the old translation has its modern defenders:
Azazel is an active participle or participial noun, derived ultimately from azal (connected with the Arabic word azala, and meaning removed), but immediately from the reduplicate form of that verb, azazal. The reduplication of the consonants of the root in Hebrew and Arabic gives the force of repetition, so that while azal means removed, azalzal means removed by a repetition of acts. Azalzel or azazel, therefore, means one who removes by a series of acts. ... The interpretation is founded on sound etymological grounds, it suits the context wherever the word occurs, it is consistent with the remaining ceremonial of the Day of Atonement, and it accords with the otherwise known religious beliefs and symbolical practices of the Israelites. [Rev. F. Meyrick, "Leviticus," London, 1882]
Meaning "one who is blamed or punished for the mistakes or sins of others" first recorded 1824; the verb is attested from 1943. Related: Scapegoated; scapegoating. For the formation, cf. scapegrace, also scape-gallows "one who deserves hanging."