• synonyms


noun Pathology.
  1. scarlet fever.
  2. a mild form of scarlet fever.
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Origin of scarlatina

1795–1805; < New Latin (febris) scarlatina scarlet fever, derivative of Medieval Latin scarlata scarlet (cloth); see scarlet, -ine1
Related formsscar·la·ti·nal, scar·la·ti·nous [skahr-luh-tee-nuh s, skahr-lat-n-uh s] /ˌskɑr ləˈti nəs, skɑrˈlæt n əs/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for scarlatinal

Historical Examples

  • Joint lesions are comparatively common in scarlet fever, and were formerly described as scarlatinal rheumatism.

    Manual of Surgery

    Alexis Thomson and Alexander Miles

  • Ophthalmias and scarlatinal malignant sore-throats were common at the same time.

  • There can be no question that milk, or cream, has been the vehicle of scarlatinal infection.

  • Even at present it is not unusual to hear of scarlatinal or gonorrheal or influenzal rheumatism.


    James J. Walsh

  • The scarlatinal poison is that regarding which the greatest number of observations has been made.

British Dictionary definitions for scarlatinal


  1. the technical name for scarlet fever
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Derived Formsscarlatinal, adjective

Word Origin

C19: from New Latin, from Italian scarlattina, diminutive of scarlatto scarlet
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for scarlatinal



1803, from Modern Latin scarlatina (Sydenham, 1676), from Italian scarlattina (Lancelotti, 1527), fem. of scarlattino (adj.), diminutive of scarlatto "scarlet" (see scarlet). It is a synonym for scarlet fever, not a milder form of it. Related: Scarlattinal.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

scarlatinal in Medicine


  1. scarlet fever
Related formsscar′la•tinal adj.