[ skli-reng-kuh-muh ]
/ sklɪˈrɛŋ kə mə /

noun Botany.

supporting or protective tissue composed of thickened, dry, and hardened cells.

Nearby words

  1. scleredema,
  2. scleredema adultorum,
  3. sclereid,
  4. sclerema,
  5. sclerema neonatorum,
  6. scleriritomy,
  7. sclerite,
  8. scleritic,
  9. scleritis,
  10. sclero-

Origin of sclerenchyma

First recorded in 1860–65; scler- + (par)enchyma

Related formsscle·ren·chym·a·tous [skleer-eng-kim-uh-tuh s, skler-] /ˌsklɪər ɛŋˈkɪm ə təs, ˌsklɛr-/, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for sclerenchymatous

British Dictionary definitions for sclerenchymatous


/ (sklɪəˈrɛŋkɪmə) /


a supporting tissue in plants consisting of dead cells with very thick lignified walls
Derived Formssclerenchymatous (ˌsklɪərɛŋˈkɪmətəs), adjective

Word Origin for sclerenchyma

C19: from sclero- + parenchyma

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Science definitions for sclerenchymatous


[ sklə-rĕngkə-mə ]

A supportive tissue of vascular plants, consisting of thick-walled, usually lignified cells. Sclerenchyma cells normally die upon reaching maturity but continue to fulfill their structural purpose in the plant. There are two types of sclerenchyma cells: fiber cells and sclereids. Compare collenchyma parenchyma.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.