sclerenchyma

[ skli-reng-kuh-muh ]
/ sklɪˈrɛŋ kə mə /

noun Botany.

supporting or protective tissue composed of thickened, dry, and hardened cells.

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Origin of sclerenchyma

First recorded in 1860–65; scler- + (par)enchyma

OTHER WORDS FROM sclerenchyma

scle·ren·chym·a·tous [skleer-eng-kim-uh-tuhs, skler-], /ˌsklɪər ɛŋˈkɪm ə təs, ˌsklɛr-/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Example sentences from the Web for sclerenchyma

British Dictionary definitions for sclerenchyma

sclerenchyma
/ (sklɪəˈrɛŋkɪmə) /

noun

a supporting tissue in plants consisting of dead cells with very thick lignified walls

Derived forms of sclerenchyma

sclerenchymatous (ˌsklɪərɛŋˈkɪmətəs), adjective

Word Origin for sclerenchyma

C19: from sclero- + parenchyma
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for sclerenchyma

sclerenchyma
[ sklə-rĕngkə-mə ]

A supportive tissue of vascular plants, consisting of thick-walled, usually lignified cells. Sclerenchyma cells normally die upon reaching maturity but continue to fulfill their structural purpose in the plant. There are two types of sclerenchyma cells: fiber cells and sclereids. Compare collenchyma parenchyma.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.