verb (used with object), scraped, scrap·ing.

verb (used without object), scraped, scrap·ing.


Origin of scrape

1350–1400; (verb) Middle English scrapen, from Old Norse skrapa (replacing Middle English shrapen from Old English scrapian “to scratch”); (cognate with Old Norse skrapa); (noun) Middle English, derivative of the verb
Related formsscrap·a·ble, adjectivescrape·age, nounun·scraped, adjective

Synonyms for scrape Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for scrapable



to move (a rough or sharp object) across (a surface), esp to smooth or clean
(tr; often foll by away or off) to remove (a layer) by rubbing
to produce a harsh or grating sound by rubbing against (an instrument, surface, etc)
(tr) to injure or damage by rough contactto scrape one's knee
(intr) to be very economical or sparing in the use (of) (esp in the phrase scrimp and scrape)
(intr) to draw the foot backwards in making a bow
(tr) to finish (a surface) by use of a scraper
(tr) to make (a bearing, etc) fit by scraping
bow and scrape to behave with excessive humility


the act of scraping
a scraped place
a harsh or grating sound
informal an awkward or embarrassing predicament
informal a conflict or struggle
Derived Formsscrapable, adjectivescraper, noun

Word Origin for scrape

Old English scrapian; related to Old Norse skrapa, Middle Dutch schrapen, Middle High German schraffen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for scrapable



early 13c., probably from Old Norse skrapa "to scrape, erase," from Proto-Germanic *skrapojan (cf. Old English scrapian "to scrape," Dutch schrapen, German schrappen), from PIE *skerb-, extension of root *(s)ker- "to cut" (see shear (v.)).

Meaning "gather by great effort, collect with difficulty" is from 1540s. Related: Scraped; scraping. To scrape the bottom of the barrel in figurative sense is from 1942, in reference to U.S. employers facing worker shortages during the war.



mid-15c., "a scraping instrument;" late 15c., "act of scraping or scratching," from scrape (v.). Meaning "a shave" is slang from 1859. Meaning "embarrassing or awkward predicament" is recorded from 1709, as OED suggests, "probably from the notion of being 'scraped' in going through a narrow passage."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with scrapable


see (scrape the) bottom of the barrel; bow and scrape; scare (scrape) up.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.