View synonyms for grind


[ grahynd ]

verb (used with object)

, ground or (Rare) grind·ed; grind·ing.
  1. to wear, smooth, or sharpen by abrasion or friction; whet:

    to grind a lens.

  2. to reduce to fine particles, as by pounding or crushing; bray, triturate, or pulverize.

    Synonyms: pound, comminute, powder, crush

  3. to oppress, torment, or crush:

    to grind minimum-wage employees.

    Synonyms: maltreat, persecute, afflict, plague

  4. to rub harshly or gratingly; grate together; grit:

    to grind one's teeth.

    Synonyms: abrade

  5. to operate by turning a crank:

    to grind a hand organ.

  6. to produce by crushing or abrasion:

    to grind flour.

  7. Slang. to annoy; irritate; irk:

    It really grinds me when he's late.

verb (used without object)

, ground or (Rare) grind·ed; grind·ing.
  1. to perform the operation of reducing to fine particles.
  2. to rub harshly; grate.
  3. to be or become ground.
  4. to be polished or sharpened by friction.
  5. Informal. to work or study laboriously (often followed by away ):

    He was grinding away at his algebra.

  6. Digital Technology. (in a video game) to perform a monotonous task repeatedly in order to advance a character to a higher level or rank:

    You have to grind for hours before you can embark on the main story mission.

  7. Slang. (in a dance) to rotate the hips in a suggestive manner. Compare bump ( def 12 ).


  1. the act of grinding.
  2. a grinding sound.
  3. a grade of particle fineness into which a substance is ground:

    The coffee is available in various grinds for different coffee makers.

  4. laborious, usually uninteresting work:

    Copying all the footnotes was a grind.

  5. Informal. an excessively diligent student.
  6. Slang. a dance movement in which the hips are rotated in a suggestive or erotic manner. Compare bump ( def 21 ).

verb phrase

    1. to produce in a routine or mechanical way:

      to grind out magazine stories.

    2. to extinguish by rubbing the lighted end against a hard surface:

      to grind out a cigarette.


/ ɡraɪnd /


  1. to reduce or be reduced to small particles by pounding or abrading

    to grind corn

    to grind flour

  2. tr to smooth, sharpen, or polish by friction or abrasion

    to grind a knife

  3. to scrape or grate together (two things, esp the teeth) with a harsh rasping sound or (of such objects) to be scraped together
  4. trfoll byout to speak or say (something) in a rough voice
  5. troften foll bydown to hold down; oppress; tyrannize
  6. tr to operate (a machine) by turning a handle
  7. trfoll byout to produce in a routine or uninspired manner

    he ground out his weekly article for the paper

  8. trfoll byout to continue to play in a dull or insipid manner

    the band only ground out old tunes all evening

  9. troften foll byinto to instil (facts, information, etc) by persistent effort

    they ground into the recruits the need for vigilance

  10. informal.
    intr to study or work laboriously
  11. intr to dance erotically by rotating the pelvis (esp in the phrase bump and grind )


  1. informal.
    laborious or routine work or study
  2. slang.
    a person, esp a student, who works excessively hard
  3. a specific grade of pulverization, as of coffee beans

    coarse grind

  4. slang.
    the act of sexual intercourse
  5. a dance movement involving an erotic rotation of the pelvis
  6. the act or sound of grinding

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Derived Forms

  • ˈgrindingly, adverb

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Other Words From

  • grinda·ble adjective
  • grinda·bili·ty noun
  • grinding·ly adverb
  • re·grind verb reground regrinding
  • un·grinda·ble adjective

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Word History and Origins

Origin of grind1

First recorded before 950; Middle English grinden, Old English grindan; akin to Gothic grinda-, Latin frendere “to gnash the teeth; complain”

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Word History and Origins

Origin of grind1

Old English grindan; related to Latin frendere, Lithuanian gréndu I rub, Low German grand sand

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Idioms and Phrases

In addition to the idiom beginning with grind , also see ax to grind ; mills of the gods grind slowly .

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Example Sentences

The grind tray snaps out and lets you dump or repurpose excess or spilled coffee.

This can be super helpful for fine tuning your grind for espresso machines.

The Toddy requires 12 ounces of grinds and seven cups of water.

You can see it in the dives on the ground, the exhaustion, the grind.

From Ozy

Use a broad angle and grind for wood processing or other brute-force tasks and a narrow edge and concave grind for meat processing or other slicing duties.

It was promoted on what might be called not-quite-mainstream or, indeed, axe-to-grind media.

But what if this war does eventually involve ground troops, and what if it does just grind on for years?

The daily grind of child-rearing and the stress of sharing responsibility seem to be a big part of it.

Those who propagate it are considered paranoids or activists with an axe to grind.

And I think it will slowly grind you down until you have the utmost respect for it, which I now have.

Take a millstone and grind meal: uncover thy shame, strip thy shoulder, make bare thy legs, pass over the rivers.

The poorest people reduce it to powder by manual labour, in the same way as they grind corn preparatory to baking it into cakes.

He delivered his repeated phrases with an unctuous indulgent roll that made Gwynne long to grind his teeth.

He turned over slowly, feeling the hard canes grind into his body as he moved.

Its that Im just sick of the office and the grind every week and no change!nothing new, nothing happening.


Related Words

Definitions and idiom definitions from Unabridged, based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

Idioms from The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.




Grinch Stole Christmas, How thegrindelia