sediment

[ noun sed-uh-muhnt; verb sed-uh-ment ]
/ noun ˈsɛd ə mənt; verb ˈsɛd əˌmɛnt /

noun

the matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid; lees; dregs.
Geology. mineral or organic matter deposited by water, air, or ice.

verb (used with object)

to deposit as sediment.

verb (used without object)

to form or deposit sediment.

QUIZZES

FOR LEXICAL ALIMENTATION, TAKE THIS WORD OF THE DAY QUIZ!

Nourish your vocabulary with a refresher on the words from the week of September 14–20, 2020!
Question 1 of 7
What does “blatherskite” mean?

Origin of sediment

1540–50; <Latin sedimentum, equivalent to sedi- (combining form of sedēre to sit1, settle) + -mentum-ment

OTHER WORDS FROM sediment

sed·i·men·tous, adjectiveself-sed·i·ment·ed, adjective

WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH sediment

sand, sediment , silt
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Example sentences from the Web for sediment

  • Sandy looked down at the contorted, blackened face, and his disappointment at having been forestalled, sedimented down.

    Rimrock Trail|J. Allan Dunn
  • The samples of milk are sedimented in a small centrifuge, and an examination of the sediment made with the microscope.

British Dictionary definitions for sediment

sediment
/ (ˈsɛdɪmənt) /

noun

matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid
material that has been deposited from water, ice, or wind

Derived forms of sediment

sedimentous (ˌsɛdɪˈmɛntəs), adjective

Word Origin for sediment

C16: from Latin sedimentum a settling, from sedēre to sit
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for sediment

sediment
[ sĕdə-mənt ]

n.

Insoluble material that sinks to the bottom of a liquid, as in hypostasis.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Scientific definitions for sediment

sediment
[ sĕdə-mənt ]

Geology Solid fragmented material, such as silt, sand, gravel, chemical precipitates, and fossil fragments, that is transported and deposited by water, ice, or wind or that accumulates through chemical precipitation or secretion by organisms, and that forms layers on the Earth's surface. Sedimentary rocks consist of consolidated sediment.
Chemistry
Particles of solid matter that settle out of a suspension to the bottom of the liquid.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.