- an authoritative decision; a judicial judgment or decree, especially the judicial determination of the punishment to be inflicted on a convicted criminal: Knowledgeable sources say that the judge will announce the sentence early next week.
- the punishment itself; term: a three-year sentence.
verb (used with object), sen·tenced, sen·tenc·ing.
Origin of sentence
In everyday speech we routinely use phrases or clauses that would not make a complete sentence—so-called sentence fragments —because the conversation or the circumstances make the meaning clear. For example, we might answer a question like “Where did you go?” with “To the store,” or “Why can’t I stay out till midnight?” with “Because I say so,” or “What are you doing?” with “Trying to fix this toaster,” instead of “I went to the store,” “You can't stay out that late because I say so,” or “I am trying to fix this toaster.” In written dialogue sentence fragments are perfectly acceptable. They would generally be regarded as sentences simply because they begin with a capital letter and end with a suitable punctuation mark. But they are not sentences in a strict grammatical sense. And as a rule, sentence fragments are frowned upon in formal or expository writing. They can be useful—indeed, powerful—but in such writing they are effective only if used sparingly, in order to achieve a deliberate special effect: We will not give up fighting for this cause. Not now. Not ever.
Examples from the Web for sentences
Both Ney and Abramoff have reentered the public spotlight following their sentences, writing books about their experiences.Abramoff’s Advice for Virginia’s New Jailhouse Guv|Tim Mak, Jackie Kucinich|January 7, 2015|DAILY BEAST
The now-convicted felons will hear their sentences in January, but their story continues to spiral downward.
Even when he opens up, the sentences are wooden, the scenes sucked dry of emotion.
Short trials produce convictions and sentences, but the time is often run concurrently, not adding any time to the sentence.
Sentences making such outcomes inevitable were once rare, but many inmates are serving them now.
To confirm this remark let the sentences be inverted; "thou art an hard man, I knew thee to be such, or I knew it."Dissertation on the English Language|Noah Webster, Jr.
It is tautology, for two sentences further on it is all expressed in its proper place, in referring to the history of the king.Junius Unmasked|Joel Moody
These two sentences the Congregations in 1620 ordered struck out, as part of their "corrections."The gradual acceptance of the Copernican theory of the universe|Dorothy Stimson
The words and sentences which are supplied are very carefully chosen, and most of them have a prototype somewhere in the poem.The Translations of Beowulf|Chauncey Brewster Tinker
This is especially obvious in the construction of sentences.Talks on Writing English|Arlo Bates
Word Origin for sentence
c.1200, "doctrine, authoritative teaching; an authoritative pronouncement," from Old French sentence "judgment, decision; meaning; aphorism, maxim; statement of authority" (12c.) and directly from Latin sententia "thought, way of thinking, opinion; judgment, decision," also "a thought expressed; aphorism, saying," from sentientem, present participle of sentire "be of opinion, feel, perceive" (see sense (n.)). Loss of first -i- in Latin by dissimilation.
From early 14c. as "judgment rendered by God, or by one in authority; a verdict, decision in court;" from late 14c. as "understanding, wisdom; edifying subject matter." From late 14c. as "subject matter or content of a letter, book, speech, etc.," also in reference to a passage in a written work. Sense of "grammatically complete statement" is attested from mid-15c. "Meaning," then "meaning expressed in words." Related: Sentential.
"to pass judgment," c.1400, from sentence (n.). Related: Sentenced; sentencing.