shiitake

[shee-ee-tah-key]
noun, plural shi·i·ta·ke.
  1. a large, meaty, black or dark brown mushroom, Lentinus edodes, native to eastern Asia and frequently used in Japanese and Chinese cookery.

Origin of shiitake

1875–80; < Japanese, equivalent to shii oak (earlier siwi < sifi < *sipi) + take mushroom (perhaps ta field + ke(y) hair)
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British Dictionary definitions for shiitake

shiitake

shitake

noun plural -take
  1. a kind of mushroom widely used in Oriental cookery

Word Origin for shiitake

C20: from Japanese shii tree + take mushroom
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for shiitake
n.

1877, from Japanese, from shii, name of several types of evergreen trees, + take "mushroom."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper