- a large, meaty, black or dark brown mushroom, Lentinus edodes, native to eastern Asia and frequently used in Japanese and Chinese cookery.
Origin of shiitake
1875–80; < Japanese, equivalent to shii oak (earlier siwi < sifi < *sipi) + take mushroom (perhaps ta field + ke(y) hair)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for shiitake
Sauté the shiitake mushrooms in the soy sauce, sesame oil, and minced garlic.A Korean New Year's Day Menu
February 10, 2011
The Japanese are very successful in cultivating a mushroom which they call "Shiitake" or "Lepiota shiitake."
There are three varieties of "Shiitake," the spring, summer, and autumn crops differing somewhat in quality.
- a kind of mushroom widely used in Oriental cookery
C20: from Japanese shii tree + take mushroom
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for shiitake
1877, from Japanese, from shii, name of several types of evergreen trees, + take "mushroom."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper