short column

noun

a column whose relative dimensions ensure that when it is overloaded it fails by crushing, rather than buckling
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Examples from the Web for short column

  • A short-column test is then advisable as a means of interpreting the results of a long-column test.

    The Psychology of Arithmetic|Edward L. Thorndike