adjective, short·er, short·est.
- (of pastry and the like) crisp and flaky; breaking or crumbling readily from being made with a large proportion of butter or other shortening.
- (of dough) containing a relatively large amount of shortening.
- not possessing at the time of sale commodities or stocks that one sells.
- noting or pertaining to a sale of commodities or stocks that the seller does not possess, depending for profit on a decline in prices.
- lasting a relatively short time: “Bit” has a shorter vowel-sound than “bid” or “bead.”
- belonging to a class of sounds considered as usually shorter in duration than another class, as the vowel of but as compared to that of bought, and in many languages serving as a distinctive feature of phonemes, as the a in German Bann in contrast with the ah in Bahn, or the t in Italian fato in contrast with the tt in fatto (opposed to long).
- having the sound of the English vowels in bat, bet, bit, hot, but, and put, historically descended from vowels that were short in duration.
- (of a syllable in quantitative verse) lasting a relatively shorter time than a long syllable.
- unstressed(def 1).
- with the hands higher on the handle of the bat than usual: He held the bat short and flied out.
- in a fielding position closer to home plate than usual.
- trousers, knee-length or shorter.
- short pants worn by men as an undergarment.
- knee breeches, formerly worn by men.
- Finance. short-term bonds.
- Mining. crushed ore failing to pass through a given screen, thus being of a larger given size than a specific grade.Compare fine1(def 28a).
- remnants, discards, or refuse of various cutting and manufacturing processes.
verb (used with object)
verb (used without object)
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Idioms for short
- to fail to reach a particular standard.
- to prove insufficient; be lacking: Her funds fell short, and she had to wire home for help.
- in summary.
- in few words; in brief: In short, this has been rather a disappointing day.
- Stock Exchange. to sell stocks or the like without having them in one's actual possession at the time of the sale.
- to disparage or underestimate: Don't sell Tom short; he's really an excellent engineer.
- pleasantly brief.
- pertinent: We're in a hurry, so make it short and sweet.
- less than; inferior to.
- inadequately supplied with (money, food, etc.).
- without going to the length of; failing of; excluding: Short of murder, there is nothing he wouldn't have tried to get what he wanted.
Origin of short
SYNONYMS FOR short
OTHER WORDS FROM shortshort·ness, nouno·ver·short, adjectiveo·ver·short·ness, nounun·short, adjective
Words nearby short
Example sentences from the Web for shortness
Common symptoms of MERS include fever, chills, cough, and shortness of breath.Is Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) the Next SARS?|Dr. Anand Veeravagu, MD, Tej Azad|May 3, 2014|DAILY BEAST
"I had shortness of breath and heart palpitations occasionally, and I was extremely fatigued," she said.
Both these books have, as has been said, the merit of shortness.A History of the French Novel, Vol. 2|George Saintsbury
Although the precaution was unnecessary, this shortness of memory was often encouraged by bills of various denominations.The Skylark of Space|Edward Elmer Smith and Lee Hawkins Garby
The shortness and simplicity of Messahalahs tract on the sphere made it very popular.
The Hun's fire was now slackening, and in spite of the shortness of the range, decidedly erratic.Billy Barcroft, R.N.A.S.|Percy F. Westerman
The blessedness of death is praised, the sorrows and shortness of life dwelt upon.The Book of Hallowe'en|Ruth Edna Kelley
British Dictionary definitions for shortness
- not possessing the securities or commodities that have been sold under contract and therefore obliged to make a purchase before the delivery date
- of or relating to such sales, which depend on falling prices for profit
- denoting a vowel of relatively brief temporal duration
- classified as short, as distinguished from other vowels. Thus in English (ɪ) in bin, though of longer duration than (iː) in beat, is nevertheless regarded as a short vowel
- (in popular usage) denoting the qualities of the five English vowels represented orthographically in the words pat, pet, pit, pot, put, and putt
- denoting a vowel that is phonetically short or a syllable containing such a vowel. In classical verse short vowels are followed by one consonant only or sometimes one consonant plus a following l or r
- (of a vowel or syllable in verse that is not quantitative) not carrying emphasis or accent; unstressed
- to prove inadequate
- (often foll by of) to fail to reach or measure up to (a standard)
- a short contract or sale
- a short seller
- as a summary
- in a few words
Derived forms of shortshortness, noun
Word Origin for short
Idioms and Phrases with shortness
In addition to the idioms beginning with short
- short and sweet
- short end of the stick, the
- short for
- short haul
- short notice, on
- short of
- short order
- short run
- short shrift, give
- by the short hairs
- caught short
- cut short
- fall short
- for short
- in brief (short)
- in short order
- in short supply
- in the long (short) run
- life is too short
- long and short of it
- long (short) haul
- make a long story short
- make short work of
- nothing short of
- run short
- sell short
- stop short