- a cloth or sheet in which a corpse is wrapped for burial.
- something that covers or conceals like a garment: a shroud of rain.
- Nautical. any of a number of taut ropes or wires converging from both sides on the head of a lower or upper mast of the outer end of a bowsprit to steady it against lateral sway: a part of the standing rigging.
- Also called shroud line. Aeronautics. any of a number of suspension cords of a parachute attaching the load to the canopy.
- Also called shroud·ing. Machinery.
- (on a nonmetallic gear) an extended metal rim enclosing the ends of the teeth on either side.
- (on a water wheel) one of two rings of boards or plates enclosing the buckets at their ends.
- Rocketry. a cone-shaped shield that protects the payload of a launch vehicle.
- to wrap or clothe for burial; enshroud.
- to cover; hide from view.
- to veil, as in obscurity or mystery: They shrouded their past lives in an effort to forget.
- to provide (a water wheel) with a shroud.
- Obsolete. to shelter.
- Archaic. to take shelter.
Origin of shroud
- a garment or piece of cloth used to wrap a dead body
- anything that envelops like a garmenta shroud of mist
- a protective covering for a piece of equipment
- astronautics a streamlined protective covering used to protect the payload during a rocket-powered launch
- nautical one of a pattern of ropes or cables used to stay a mast
- any of a set of wire cables stretched between a smokestack or similar structure and the ground, to prevent side sway
- Also called: shroud line any of a set of lines running from the canopy of a parachute to the harness
- (tr) to wrap in a shroud
- (tr) to cover, envelop, or hide
- archaic to seek or give shelter
Word Origin and History for shroud-line
Old English scrud "a garment, clothing, dress," from West Germanic *skruthan, from Proto-Germanic *skrud- "cut" (cf. Old Norse skruð "shrouds of a ship, tackle, gear; furniture of a church," Danish, Swedish skrud "dress, attire"), from PIE *skreu- "to cut" (see shred (n.)).
Specific meaning "winding-sheet, cloth or sheet for burial," to which the word now is restricted, first attested 1560s. Sense of "strong rope supporting the mast of a ship" (mid-15c.) is from the notion of "clothing" a spar or mast; one without rigging was said to be naked.
c.1300, "to clothe, to cover, protect," from Old English scrydan, scridan "to clothe, dress;" see shroud (n.). Meaning "to hide from view, conceal" (transitive) is attested from early 15c. Related: Shrouded; shrouding.