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slump

[sluhmp]
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verb (used without object)
  1. to drop or fall heavily; collapse: Suddenly she slumped to the floor.
  2. to assume a slouching, bowed, or bent position or posture: Stand up straight and don't slump!
  3. to decrease or fall suddenly and markedly, as prices or the market.
  4. to decline or deteriorate, as health, business, quality, or efficiency.
  5. to sink into a bog, muddy place, etc., or through ice or snow.
  6. to sink heavily, as the spirits.
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noun
  1. an act or instance of slumping.
  2. a decrease, decline, or deterioration.
  3. a period of decline or deterioration.
  4. any mild recession in the economy as a whole or in a particular industry.
  5. a period during which a person performs slowly, inefficiently, or ineffectively, especially a period during which an athlete or team fails to play or score as well as usual.
  6. a slouching, bowed, or bent position or posture, especially of the shoulders.
  7. a landslide or rockslide.
  8. the vertical subsidence of freshly mixed concrete that is a measure of consistency and stiffness.
  9. New England Cookery. a dessert made with cooked fruit, especially apples or berries, topped with a thick layer of biscuit dough or crumbs.
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Origin of slump

1670–80; orig., to sink into a bog or mud; perhaps imitative (cf. plump2)
Related formsun·slumped, adjectiveun·slump·ing, adjective

Synonyms for slump

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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for slumped

plunge, hunch, collapse, tumble, slouch, drop, sag, slide, plummet, droop, slip, fall, deteriorate, crash, decay, loll, bend, pitch, blight, topple

Examples from the Web for slumped

Contemporary Examples of slumped

Historical Examples of slumped

  • Jim got the first glimpse, and slumped down on the locker sick.

    Tom Sawyer Abroad

    Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)

  • A man in the stern of the dinghy groaned, and slumped down into the bottom.

  • They both sighed deeply and slumped over on the ground to rest.

    The Einstein See-Saw

    Miles John Breuer

  • There was a muffled crack and he slumped to the platform grating.

    In the Orbit of Saturn

    Roman Frederick Starzl

  • "Eleven-C," said Beardsley, and slumped into the pneumo-chair.


British Dictionary definitions for slumped

slump

verb (intr)
  1. to sink or fall heavily and suddenly
  2. to relax ungracefully
  3. (of business activity, etc) to decline suddenly; collapse
  4. (of health, interest, etc) to deteriorate or decline suddenly or markedly
  5. (of soil or rock) to slip down a slope, esp a cliff, usually with a rotational movement
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noun
  1. a sudden or marked decline or failure, as in progress or achievement; collapse
  2. a decline in commercial activity, prices, etc
  3. economics another word for depression
  4. the act of slumping
  5. a slipping of earth or rock; landslide
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Word Origin for slump

C17: probably of Scandinavian origin; compare Low German slump bog, Norwegian slumpa to fall

Slump

noun
  1. the Slump another name for the Depression
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for slumped

slump

v.

1670s, "fall or sink into a muddy place," probably from a Scandinavian source, cf. Norwegian and Danish slumpe "fall upon," Swedish slumpa; perhaps ultimately of imitative origin. Related: Slumped; slumping.

The word "slump," or "slumped," has too coarse a sound to be used by a lady. [Eliza Leslie, "Miss Leslie's Behaviour Book," Philadelphia, 1839]

Economic sense from 1888.

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slump

n.

"act of slumping, slumping movement," 1850; "heavy decline in prices on the stock exchange," 1888, from slump (v.). Generalized by 1922 to "sharp decline in trade or business."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper