- to fuse or melt (ore) in order to separate the metal contained.
- to obtain or refine (metal) in this way.
Origin of smelt1
- a simple past tense and past participle of smell.
Examples from the Web for smelting
Stacks of refined (left) and crude (right) Tin ingots after smelting.Will You Choose a Conflict-Free Microprocessor?
May 29, 2014
We can mill it ourselves, and not have to pay tribute to the Smelting Trust.Out of the Depths
Robert Ames Bennet
It is dumped into freight cars and trundled off to the smelting furnaces.
First of all, even before it goes into the smelting furnace, it must be roasted.
After the ore has been roasted, it is put into the furnace for smelting.
In Jo Daviess county are eight or ten furnaces for smelting lead.A New Guide for Emigrants to the West
J. M. Peck
- (tr) to extract (a metal) from (an ore) by heating
- any marine or freshwater salmonoid food fish of the family Osmeridae, such as Osmerus eperlanus of Europe, having a long silvery body and occurring in temperate and cold northern waters
- a past tense and past participle of smell
Word Origin and History for smelting
mid-15c. (implied in smelter), from Dutch or Low German smelten, from Proto-Germanic *smelt- (cf. Old High German smelzan, German schmelzen "to melt"), from PIE *smeld-, variant of *mel- "soft." Thus the word is from a variant of the stem of Old English meltan "to melt" (see melt (v.)). Related: Smelted; smelting.
Old English smelt "sardine, small salmon-like sea fish," cognate with Dutch smelt "sand eel," Danish smelt (c.1600). OED notes that it has a peculiar odor (but doesn't suggest a connection with smell); Klein suggests a connection with the way the fish melts in one's mouth. Century Dictionary speculates it means "smooth" and compares Old English smeolt, smylt "serene, smooth."
- To melt ores in order to extract the metals they contain. Oxide ores, such as iron ore, are smelted with carbon, which serves as a fuel and changes the ore into a reduced metal.