[soh-see-ol-uh-jee, soh-shee-]
  1. the science or study of the origin, development, organization, and functioning of human society; the science of the fundamental laws of social relations, institutions, etc.

Origin of sociology

From the French word sociologie, dating back to 1835–45. See socio-, -logy
Related formsso·ci·ol·o·gist, noun Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for sociologist

Contemporary Examples of sociologist

Historical Examples of sociologist

  • Campanella was also, as we should say nowadays, a sociologist.

  • But if I'm anything I'm a sociologist, and my business is to make experiments.

    The Coryston Family

    Mrs. Humphry Ward

  • The first of these is the province of the sociologist; the second that of the eugenist.

    The Meaning of Evolution

    Samuel Christian Schmucker

  • These will be the views respectively of the economist and the sociologist.

    The Deaf

    Harry Best

  • History supplies much of the data of the sociologist from the records of the past.


    Henry Kalloch Rowe

British Dictionary definitions for sociologist


  1. the study of the development, organization, functioning, and classification of human societies
Derived Formssociological (ˌsəʊsɪəˈlɒdʒɪkəl), adjectivesociologically, adverbsociologist, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for sociologist

1843, from sociology + -ist.



the science of social phenomena, 1843, from French sociologie, a hybrid coined 1830 by French philosopher Isidore Auguste Comte (1798-1857), from Latin socius "associate" (see social (adj.)) + Greek-derived suffix -logie (see -logy).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

sociologist in Science


  1. The scientific study of human social behavior and its origins, development, organizations, and institutions.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

sociologist in Culture


The systematic study of human society, especially present-day societies. Sociologists study the organization, institutions, and development of societies, with a particular interest in identifying causes of the changing relationships among individuals and groups. (See social science.)

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.