[soh-see-ol-uh-jee, soh-shee-]


the science or study of the origin, development, organization, and functioning of human society; the science of the fundamental laws of social relations, institutions, etc.

Origin of sociology

From the French word sociologie, dating back to 1835–45. See socio-, -logy
Related formsso·ci·ol·o·gist, noun Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for sociologist

Contemporary Examples of sociologist

Historical Examples of sociologist

  • But if I'm anything I'm a sociologist, and my business is to make experiments.

    The Coryston Family

    Mrs. Humphry Ward

  • Multitudes of times, as a sociologist, or as a literary man in search of realism, he had visited the haunts of the under-man.

    Ben Blair

    Will Lillibridge

  • "You will always be a fool," said my friend, the sociologist, getting up and walking away.


    O. Henry

  • Many of the Border feuds present features of great interest alike to the sociologist and the historian.

  • The chemist who otherwise bases his account of a reaction is wrong; the sociologist who denies it Nature will deny.

    Woman and Womanhood

    C. W. Saleeby

British Dictionary definitions for sociologist



the study of the development, organization, functioning, and classification of human societies
Derived Formssociological (ˌsəʊsɪəˈlɒdʒɪkəl), adjectivesociologically, adverbsociologist, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for sociologist

1843, from sociology + -ist.



the science of social phenomena, 1843, from French sociologie, a hybrid coined 1830 by French philosopher Isidore Auguste Comte (1798-1857), from Latin socius "associate" (see social (adj.)) + Greek-derived suffix -logie (see -logy).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Science definitions for sociologist



The scientific study of human social behavior and its origins, development, organizations, and institutions.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Culture definitions for sociologist


The systematic study of human society, especially present-day societies. Sociologists study the organization, institutions, and development of societies, with a particular interest in identifying causes of the changing relationships among individuals and groups. (See social science.)

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.