sour dock


noun

See under dock4(def 1).

Origin of sour dock

Middle English word dating back to 1275–1325

dock

4
[dok]

noun

any of various weedy plants belonging to the genus Rumex, of the buckwheat family, as R. obtusifolius (bitter dock) or R. acetosa (sour dock), having long taproots.
any of various other plants, mostly coarse weeds.

Origin of dock

4
before 1000; Middle English dokke, Old English docce; cognate with Middle Dutch docke, Middle High German tocke
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for sour dock

dock

1

noun

a wharf or pier
a space between two wharves or piers for the mooring of ships
an area of water that can accommodate a ship and can be closed off to allow regulation of the water level
short for dry dock
short for scene dock
mainly US and Canadian a platform from which lorries, goods trains, etc, are loaded and unloaded

verb

to moor (a vessel) at a dock or (of a vessel) to be moored at a dock
to put (a vessel) into a dry dock for repairs or (of a vessel) to come into a dry dock
(of two spacecraft) to link together in space or link together (two spacecraft) in space

Word Origin for dock

C14: from Middle Dutch docke; perhaps related to Latin ducere to lead

dock

2

noun

the bony part of the tail of an animal, esp a dog or sheep
the part of an animal's tail left after the major part of it has been cut off

verb (tr)

to remove (the tail or part of the tail) of (an animal) by cutting through the boneto dock a tail; to dock a horse
to deduct (an amount) from (a person's wages, pension, etc)they docked a third of his wages

Word Origin for dock

C14: dok, of uncertain origin

dock

3

noun

an enclosed space in a court of law where the accused sits or stands during his trial

Word Origin for dock

C16: from Flemish dok sty

dock

4

noun

any of various temperate weedy plants of the polygonaceous genus Rumex, having greenish or reddish flowers and typically broad leaves
any of several similar or related plants

Word Origin for dock

Old English docce; related to Middle Dutch, Old Danish docke, Gaelic dogha
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for sour dock

dock

n.1

"ship's berth," late 15c., from Middle Dutch or Middle Low German docke, perhaps ultimately (via Late Latin *ductia "aqueduct") from Latin ducere "to lead" (see duke (n.)); or possibly from a Scandinavian word for "low ground" (cf. Norwegian dokk "hollow, low ground"). Original sense perhaps "furrow a grounded vessel makes in a mud bank." As a verb from 1510s. Related: Docked; docking.

dock

n.2

"where accused stands in court," 1580s, originally rogue's slang, from Flemish dok "pen or cage for animals," origin unknown.

dock

v.

"cut an animal's tail," late 14c., from dok (n.) "fleshy part of an animal's tail" (mid-14c.), related to Old English -docca "muscle," from Proto-Germanic *dokko "something round, bundle" (cf. Old Norse dokka "bundle, girl," Danish dukke "doll," German Docke "small column, bundle, doll, smart girl"). Meaning "to reduce (someone's) pay for some infraction" is first recorded 1822. Related: Docked; docking.

dock

n.3

name for various tall, coarse weeds, Old English docce, from Proto-Germanic *dokkon (cf. Middle Dutch docke-, German Docken-, Old Danish dokka), akin to Middle High German tocke "bundle, tuft," and ultimately to the noun source of dock (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with sour dock

dock

see in the dock.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.