Dictionary.com
definitions
  • synonyms

sour dock

noun
  1. See under dock4(def 1).
Show More

Origin of sour dock

Middle English word dating back to 1275–1325

dock

4
[dok]
noun
  1. any of various weedy plants belonging to the genus Rumex, of the buckwheat family, as R. obtusifolius (bitter dock) or R. acetosa (sour dock), having long taproots.
  2. any of various other plants, mostly coarse weeds.
Show More

Origin of dock

4
before 1000; Middle English dokke, Old English docce; cognate with Middle Dutch docke, Middle High German tocke
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for sour dock

dock

1
noun
  1. a wharf or pier
  2. a space between two wharves or piers for the mooring of ships
  3. an area of water that can accommodate a ship and can be closed off to allow regulation of the water level
  4. short for dry dock
  5. short for scene dock
  6. mainly US and Canadian a platform from which lorries, goods trains, etc, are loaded and unloaded
Show More
verb
  1. to moor (a vessel) at a dock or (of a vessel) to be moored at a dock
  2. to put (a vessel) into a dry dock for repairs or (of a vessel) to come into a dry dock
  3. (of two spacecraft) to link together in space or link together (two spacecraft) in space
Show More

Word Origin for dock

C14: from Middle Dutch docke; perhaps related to Latin ducere to lead

dock

2
noun
  1. the bony part of the tail of an animal, esp a dog or sheep
  2. the part of an animal's tail left after the major part of it has been cut off
Show More
verb (tr)
  1. to remove (the tail or part of the tail) of (an animal) by cutting through the boneto dock a tail; to dock a horse
  2. to deduct (an amount) from (a person's wages, pension, etc)they docked a third of his wages
Show More

Word Origin for dock

C14: dok, of uncertain origin

dock

3
noun
  1. an enclosed space in a court of law where the accused sits or stands during his trial
Show More

Word Origin for dock

C16: from Flemish dok sty

dock

4
noun
  1. any of various temperate weedy plants of the polygonaceous genus Rumex, having greenish or reddish flowers and typically broad leaves
  2. any of several similar or related plants
Show More

Word Origin for dock

Old English docce; related to Middle Dutch, Old Danish docke, Gaelic dogha
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for sour dock

dock

n.1

"ship's berth," late 15c., from Middle Dutch or Middle Low German docke, perhaps ultimately (via Late Latin *ductia "aqueduct") from Latin ducere "to lead" (see duke (n.)); or possibly from a Scandinavian word for "low ground" (cf. Norwegian dokk "hollow, low ground"). Original sense perhaps "furrow a grounded vessel makes in a mud bank." As a verb from 1510s. Related: Docked; docking.

Show More

dock

n.2

"where accused stands in court," 1580s, originally rogue's slang, from Flemish dok "pen or cage for animals," origin unknown.

Show More

dock

v.

"cut an animal's tail," late 14c., from dok (n.) "fleshy part of an animal's tail" (mid-14c.), related to Old English -docca "muscle," from Proto-Germanic *dokko "something round, bundle" (cf. Old Norse dokka "bundle, girl," Danish dukke "doll," German Docke "small column, bundle, doll, smart girl"). Meaning "to reduce (someone's) pay for some infraction" is first recorded 1822. Related: Docked; docking.

Show More

dock

n.3

name for various tall, coarse weeds, Old English docce, from Proto-Germanic *dokkon (cf. Middle Dutch docke-, German Docken-, Old Danish dokka), akin to Middle High German tocke "bundle, tuft," and ultimately to the noun source of dock (v.).

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with sour dock

dock

see in the dock.

Show More
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.