Origin of sour

before 1000; (adj. and noun) Middle English sure, soure, Old English sūr (orig. adj.); cognate with German sauer, Dutch zuur, Old Norse sūrr; (v.) Middle English souren, derivative of the adj.
Related formssour·ish, adjectivesour·ly, adverbsour·ness, nouno·ver·sour, adjectiveo·ver·sour·ly, adverbo·ver·sour·ness, nounun·sour, adjectiveun·sour·ly, adverbun·sour·ness, noun

Synonyms for sour

Antonyms for sour

1. sweet.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


Examples from the Web for soured

Contemporary Examples of soured

Historical Examples of soured

  • That he had needed a stimulant that day was because he had been soured and would not try with his wits about him.

    Thoroughbreds

    W. A. Fraser

  • May he not be worthier, at all events, than this soured temper and erring heart?

  • She cannot love again; but she is not soured by her experience.

  • He had suffered so much; it was not surprising if his disposition had soured!

    L'Assommoir

    Emile Zola

  • But Israel returned to his home with a soured and darkened mind.

    The Scapegoat

    Hall Caine


British Dictionary definitions for soured

Sour

noun

a variant spelling of Sur

sour

adjective

having or denoting a sharp biting taste like that of lemon juice or vinegarCompare bitter (def. 1)
made acid or bad, as in the case of milk or alcohol, by the action of microorganisms
having a rancid or unwholesome smell
(of a person's temperament) sullen, morose, or disagreeable
(esp of the weather or climate) harsh and unpleasant
disagreeable; distastefula sour experience
(of land, etc) lacking in fertility, esp due to excessive acidity
(of oil, gas, or petrol) containing a relatively large amount of sulphur compounds
go sour or turn sour to become unfavourable or inharmonioushis marriage went sour

noun

something sour
mainly US any of several iced drinks usually made with spirits, lemon juice, and icea whiskey sour
an acid used in laundering and bleaching clothes or in curing animal skins

verb

to make or become sour
Derived Formssourish, adjectivesourly, adverbsourness, noun

Word Origin for sour

Old English sūr; related to Old Norse sūrr, Lithuanian suras salty, Old Slavonic syrŭ wet, raw, surovu green, raw, Sanskrit surā brandy
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for soured

sour

adj.

Old English sur "sour, tart, acid, fermented," from Proto-Germanic *sura- "sour" (cf. Old Norse surr, Middle Dutch suur, Dutch zuur, Old High German sur, German Sauer), from PIE root *suro- "sour, salty, bitter" (cf. Old Church Slavonic syru, Russian syroi "moist, raw;" Lithuanian suras "salty," suris "cheese").

French sur "sour, tart" (12c.) is a Germanic loan-word. Meaning :having a peevish disposition" is from early 13c. Sense in whisky sour (1885) is "with lemon added" (1862). Sour cream is attested from 1855.

sour

v.

c.1300, from sour (adj.). Cf. Old High German suren, German säuern. Related: Soured; souring.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper