• synonyms


[spahr-tee-een, -in]
  1. a bitter, poisonous, liquid alkaloid obtained from certain species of broom, especially Cytisus scoparius, used in medicine to stimulate the heart and also the uterine muscles in childbirth.
Show More

Origin of sparteine

1850–55; irregular < New Latin Sparti(um) name of a genus of broom (< Greek spárt(os) kind of broom + New Latin -ium -ium) + -ine1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for sparteine

Historical Examples

  • Sparteine neutralises acids fully, but the oxalate is the only one which can be readily obtained in crystals.

    Poisons: Their Effects and Detection

    Alexander Wynter Blyth

British Dictionary definitions for sparteine


  1. a viscous oily alkaloid extracted from the broom plant and lupin seeds. It has been used in medicine to treat heart arrhythmias
Show More

Word Origin

C19: from New Latin Spartium, from Greek spartos broom
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012