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sparteine

[ spahr-tee-een, -in ]
/ ˈspɑr tiˌin, -ɪn /
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noun

a bitter, poisonous, liquid alkaloid obtained from certain species of broom, especially Cytisus scoparius, used in medicine to stimulate the heart and also the uterine muscles in childbirth.

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Origin of sparteine

1850–55; irregular <New Latin Sparti(um) name of a genus of broom (<Greek spárt(os) kind of broom + New Latin -ium-ium) + -ine1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

British Dictionary definitions for sparteine

sparteine
/ (ˈspɑːtɪˌiːn, -ɪn) /

noun

a viscous oily alkaloid extracted from the broom plant and lupin seeds. It has been used in medicine to treat heart arrhythmias
C19: from New Latin Spartium, from Greek spartos broom
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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