[ spahy-ril-uh m ]
/ spaɪˈrɪl əm /
noun, plural spi·ril·la [spahy-ril-uh] /spaɪˈrɪl ə/. Bacteriology.
any of several spirally twisted, aerobic bacteria of the genus Spirillum, certain species of which are pathogenic for humans.
any of various similar microorganisms.
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Origin of spirillum
1870–75; < New Latin, equivalent to Latin spīr(a) (see spire2) + -illum diminutive suffix
OTHER WORDS FROM spirillumspi·ril·lar, adjective
Words nearby spirillum
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020
Example sentences from the Web for spirillar
Unfortunately, the existence of spirillar infection of the blood was not known at the time.
British Dictionary definitions for spirillar
/ (spaɪˈrɪləm) /
noun plural -la (-lə)
Derived forms of spirillumspirillar, adjective
Word Origin for spirillum
C19: from New Latin, literally: a little coil, from spīra a coil
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Medical definitions for spirillar (1 of 3)
[ spī-rĭl′ər ]
S-shaped. Used of a bacterial cell.
Medical definitions for spirillar (2 of 3)
[ spī-rĭl′əm ]
n. pl. spi•ril•la (-rĭl′ə)
A member of the genus Spirillum.
Any of various other spiral-shaped microorganisms.
Medical definitions for spirillar (3 of 3)
A genus of large, aerobic, gram-negative bacteria having an elongated spiral form and a tuft of flagella.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Scientific definitions for spirillar
[ spī-rĭl′əm ]
Any of various bacteria that are shaped like a spiral, such as the spirochete Treponema pallidum, which causes syphilis.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.