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sprint

[sprint]
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verb (used without object)
  1. to race or move at full speed, especially for a short distance, as in running, rowing, etc.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to traverse in sprinting: to sprint a half mile.
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noun
  1. a short race at full speed.
  2. a burst of speed at any point during a long race, as near the finish line.
  3. a brief spell of great activity.
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Origin of sprint

1560–70; perhaps continuing Old English *sprintan (compare gesprintan to emit); cognate with Old Norse spretta, Old High German sprinzan to jump up
Related formssprint·er, nounout·sprint, verb (used with object)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for sprinter

sprint

noun
  1. athletics a short race run at top speed, such as the 100 metres
  2. a fast finishing speed at the end of a longer race, as in running or cycling, etc
  3. any quick run
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verb (intr)
  1. to go at top speed, as in running, cycling, etc
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Derived Formssprinter, noun

Word Origin

C16: from Scandinavian; related to Old English gesprintan to emit, Old Norse spretta to jump up, Old High German sprinzan to jump up, Swedish sprata to kick
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for sprinter

sprint

v.

1560s, "to spring, dart," from Old Norse spretta "to jump up." Meaning "to run a short distance at full speed" first recorded 1871. Related: Sprinted; sprinting.

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sprint

n.

1865, from sprint (v.).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper